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Table 3 Occupational, sociodemographic and life-style factors, among 490 teachers (356 females and 134 males), stratified into four levels of burnout; level 0 (no burnout in any dimension), level 1 (burnout in one dimension), level 2 (burnout in two dimensions) and level 3 (burnout in all three dimensions). Further, p-values were presented for univariable models estimating level 0 + 1 vs, level 2 + 3

From: Burnout among Swedish school teachers – a cross-sectional analysis

   Level 0 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Test for trend Univariable models level 0 + 1 vs. level 2 + 3
Scale (N = 248) (N = 169) (N = 53) (N = 20) P * P **
Occupational factors
 Year of compulsory school       0.04 0.003
  year 4–6; n (%)   83 (34) 59 (35) 11 (21) 0   
  year 7–9; n (%)   165 (66) 110 (65) 42 (79) 20 (100)   
 Seniority, years; mean (SD)   17 (13) 19 (12) 15 (10) 13 (8) 0.75 0.007
 Mechanical exposure index; mean (SD) 11–33 15.5 (3.3) 15.8 (3.3) 16.1 (3.2) 16.2 (4.2) 0.13 0.24
 Physical exposure index; mean (SD) 7–21 9.8 (1.6) 10.1 (1.7) 10.3 (2.2) 10.0 (1.8) 0.07 0.17
 Complaints on computer
 workstation arrangements; mean (SD) 1–5 2.9 (1.1) 3.2 (1.0) 3.3 (1.1) 3.9 (1.1) <0.001 0.003
 Job demands; mean (SD) 1–4 2.8 (0.4) 3.0 (0.4) 3.1 (0.4) 3.3 (0.2) <0.001 <0.001
 Job control; mean (SD) 1–4a 3.3 (0.3) 3.2 (0.3) 3.1 (0.3) 3.0 (0.3) <0.001 <0.001
  Decision latitude 1–4a 3.2 (0.5) 3.0 (0.5) 2.9 (0.4) 2.9 (0.4) <0.001 <0.001
  Skill discretion 1–4a 3.4 (0.3) 3.4 (0.3) 3.3 (0.3) 3.1 (0.2) <0.001 <0.001
 Job support; mean (SD) 1–4a 2.9 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 2.6 (0.5) 2.6 (0.3) <0.001 <0.001
  Job support management 1–4a 2.8 (0.5) 2.6 (0.5) 2.2 (0.6) 2.2 (0.5) <0.001 <0.001
  Job support colleagues 1–4a 3.1 (0.4) 3.0 (0.4) 2.9 (0.5) 3.0 (0.3) <0.001 <0.001
 Emotional demands; mean (SD) 0–4 2.6 (0.7) 2.9 (0.7) 3.0 (0.6) 3.4 (0.4) <0.001 <0.001
 Demands of hiding emotions; mean (SD) 0–4 1.5 (0.8) 1.8 (0.7) 2.0 (0.8) 2.1 (0.8) <0.001 <0.001
 Sensory demands; mean (SD) 0–4 2.3 (0.6) 2.4 (0.6) 2.4 (0.5) 2.4 (0.6) 0.49 0.84
 Leadership; mean (SD) 0–4a 2.3 (0.8) 2.0 (0.7) 1.4 (0.8) 1.2 (0.8) <0.001 <0.001
 Self- efficacy; mean (SD) 1–5a 4.2 (0.4) 4.0 (0.5) 3.9 (0.4) 3.5 (0.4) <0.001 <0.001
Sociodemographic and life-style factors
 Gender       0.45 0.78
  Men; n (%)   72 (29) 43 (25) 13 (24) 6 (30)   
  Women; n (%)   176 (71) 126 (75) 40 (76) 14 (70)   
 Age, years; mean (SD)   48 (11) 48 (11) 46 (10) 45 (8.5) 0.31 0.03
 BMI, points; mean (SD)   24 (3) 25 (4) 24 (3) 23.5 (3) 0.82 0.50
 Number of children; mean (SD)   1.2 (1.2) 1.0 (1.1) 1.2 (1.1) 1.3 (1.1) 0.59 0.42
 Marital status       0.60 0.78
  Married/cohabit; n (%)   209 (86) 137 (83) 45 (87) 16 (84)   
  Single; n (%)   34 (14) 29 (17) 7 (13) 3 (16)   
 Neck-shoulder pain; n (%)   97 (39) 86 (52) 29 (56) 13 (65) 0.001 0.03
 Low-back pain; n (%)   71 (29) 62 (37) 21 (40) 8 (40) 0.04 0.19
 Sleep quality; mean (SD) 1–4a 3.1 (0.7) 2.6 (0.9) 2.3 (0.8) 2.4 (0.8) <0.001 <0.001
 Personal relaxation time; mean (SD) 1–6a 3.7 (1.4) 3.5 (1.3) 2.9 (1.3) 2.9 (1.1) 0.001 <0.001
 Domestic work; mean (SD) 1–5 2.8 (0.9) 2.9 (0.9) 2.8 (0.8) 2.6 (0.5) 0.59 0.22
 Physical exercise; mean (SD) 1–5a 2.7 (1.1) 2.7 (1.2) 2.6 (1.1) 2.4 (1.1) 0.28 0.21
  1. *Jonckheere-Terpstra Test for trend across level 0 – level 3
  2. **Univariable Poisson regression: Level 0 + 1 vs. level 2 + 3
  3. (a)Higher scores among the occupational factors indicate a more unfavourable situation, except where noted