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Table 2 MBI exhaustion, cynicism and professional efficacy in the total study population, stratified by gender and year of compulsory school

From: Burnout among Swedish school teachers – a cross-sectional analysis

   All teachers Females Males   Year of compulsory school
Dimensions Scale N   n = 356 n = 134 P* Year 4–6 (N = 153) Year 7–9 (N = 337) P*
Exhaustion; mean (SD) 0–6 490 2.9 (1.4) 3.0 (1.4) 2.6 (1.5) <0.01 2.8 (1.3) 2.9 (1.5) 0.26
 High exhaustion; n (%)    178 (36) 138 (39) 40 (30) 0.07 51 (33) 127 (38) 0.35
Cynicism; mean (SD) 0–6 490 1.6 (1.2) 1.6 (1.2) 1.8 (1.3) 0.07 1.4 (1.0) 1.8 (1.3) <0.01
 High cynicism; n (%)    55 (11) 37 (10) 18 (13) 0.31 11 (7) 44 (13) 0.06
Professional efficacy; mean (SD) 0–6 490 5.0 (0.8) 5.0 (0.8) 5.0 (0.8) 0.65 5.2 (0.7) 4.9 (0.8) <0.01
 Low professional efficacy; n (%)    102 (21) 73 (21) 29 (22) 0.78 19 (12) 83 (25) <0.01
  1. *Mann Whitney U tests of differences between gender and year of compulsory school