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Table 1 Occupational, sociodemographic and life-style factors in the total study population (N = 490), stratified by gender and year of compulsory school

From: Burnout among Swedish school teachers – a cross-sectional analysis

   All teachers Females Males   Year of compulsory school
Dimensions Scale N   N = 356 N = 134 P * Year 4–6 (N = 153) Year 7–9 (N = 337) P *
Occupational factors; mean (SD)
 Seniority (years)   490 17 (12) 17 (12) 19 (12) 0.05 19 (13) 17 (12) 0.23
 Mechanical exposure index 11–33 481 15.7 (3.4) 15.8 (3.4) 15.4 (3.2) 0.30 15.3 (2.0) 15.9 (4) 0.24
 Physical exposure index 7–21 484 10.0 (1.7) 9.9 (1.7) 10.1 (1.8) 0.49 9.6 (1.3) 10.2 (1.8 0.001
 Complaints on computer
 workstation arrangements 1–5 482 3.1 (1.1) 3.2 (1.1) 2.9 (1.0) 0.02 2.9 (1.0) 3.2 (1.1) 0.02
 Job demands 1–4 486 2.9 (0.4) 2.9 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 0.001 2.8 (0.4) 2.9 (0.4) 0.06
 Job control (total) 1–4a 489 3.2 (0.3) 3.2 (0.3) 3.2 (0.3) 0.08 3.3 (0.3) 3.2 (0.3) 0.01
  Decision latitude 1–4a 489 3.1 (0.5) 3.1 (0.5) 3.1 (0.5) 0.32 3.1 (0.4) 3.1 (0.5) 0.19
  Skill discretion 1–4a 489 3.4 (0.3) 3.4 (0.3) 3.2 (0.3) <0.001 3.4 (0.3) 3.3 (0.3) 0.001
 Job support (total) 1–4a 489 2.8 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 0.73 2.9 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 0.06
  Job support management 1–4a 489 2.6 (0.6) 2.6 (0.6) 2.6 (0.6) 0.61 2.7 (0.5) 2.6 (0.6) 0.07
  Job support colleagues 1–4a 487 3.0 (0.4) 3.0 (0.5) 3.0 (0.4) 0.39 3.1 (0.5) 3.0 (0.4)2.8 (0.7) 0.24
 Emotional demands 0–4 490 2.8 (0.7) 2.9 (0.7) 2.5 (0.7) <0.001 2.7 (0.7) 1.7 (0.8) 0.09
 Demands of hiding emotions 0–4 490 1.7 (0.8) 1.7 (0.8) 1.6 (0.8) 0.14 1.6 (0.8) 2.4 (0.6) 0.67
 Sensory demands 0–4 490 2.4 (0.6) 2.3 (0.6) 2.4 (0.6) 0.34 2.4 (0.6) 2.0 (0.8) 0.80
 Leadership 0–4a 490 2.0 (0.8) 2.0 (0.8) 2.1 (0.8) 0.50 2.2 (0.7) 4.1 (0.5) 0.01
 Self- efficacy 1–5a 487 4.1 (0.5) 4.1 (0.5) 4.1 (0.5) 0.33 4.0 (0.5)   0.16
Sociodemographic and life-style factors
 Age, years; mean (SD)   490 48 (11) 47 (11) 48 (11) 0.37 48 (10) 47 (11) 0.30
 BMI, points; mean (SD)   473 24 (4) 24 (4) 25 (3) 0.001 24 (4) 24 (4) 0.20
 Number of children; mean (SD)   480 1.1 (1.0) 1.1 (1.1) 1.3 (1.2) 0.26 1.2 (1.2) 1.1 (1.1) 0.90
 Marital status   480     0.76    0.003
  Married/cohabit; n (%)    407 (85) 294 (84) 113 (86)   137 (92) 270 (82)  
  Single; n (%)    73 (15) 54 (16) 19 (14)   12 (8.1) 61 (18)  
 Neck-shoulder pain; n (%)   484 225 (46) 183 (52) 42 (32) <0.001 61 (40) 164 (49 0.07
 Low-back pain; n (%)   482 162 (34) 129 (37) 33 (25) 0.02 44 (29) 118 (35 0.18
 Sleep quality; mean (SD) 1–4a 490 2.8 (0.8) 2.7 (0.8) 2.9 (0.8) 0.03 2.9 (0.8 2.8 (0.8 0.12
 Personal relaxation time < I hour/day; n (%)   480 106 (22) 83 (24) 23 (18) 0.16 30 (20) 76 (23) 0.49
 Domestic work > 21 h/week; n (%)   484 86 (18) 69 (19) 17 (13) 0.11 27 (18) 59 (18) 1.00
 Physical exercise occasionally/never; n (%)   485 72 (15) 52 (15) 20 (15) 0.84 14 (9.2) 58 (17) 0.02
 Daily smokers; n (%)   486 17 (3.5) 15 (4.2) 2 (1.5) 0.15 4 (2.6) 13 (3.9) 0.48
  1. (a)Higher scores among the occupational factors indicate a more unfavourable situation, except where noted
  2. *Mann Whitney U test of differences between gender and year of compulsory school