Skip to main content

Table 2 Association between body weight dissatisfaction and depression stratified by sex, age and body mass index; 2012 Swiss Health Surveya

From: Is body weight dissatisfaction a predictor of depression independent of body mass index, sex and age? Results of a cross-sectional study

  No depression (ref.) Unadjusted Age adjusted Multivariable adjustedb Multivariable adjustedb incl. BMI
Body weight dissatisfaction OR OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI OR 95 % CI
 Men 1 1.89 [1.41,2.54] 2.05 [1.54,2.74] 1.60 [1.18,2.18] 1.85 [1.34,2.56]
 Women 1 2.76 [2.21,3.45] 2.77 [2.21,3.47] 2.16 [1.72,2.72] 2.25 [1.71,2.96]
p-Interactionc   0.01   0.09   0.18   0.13  
Sex adjusted          
 ≥18 to < 30 years 1 1.91 [1.28,2.86] 1.88 [1.27,2.79] 1.53 [1.02,2.30] 1.78 [1.16,2.74]
 ≥30 to < 60 years 1 2.77 [2.22,3.45] 2.74 [2.20,3.41] 2.05 [1.62,2.59] 2.10 [1.61,2.74]
 ≥60 years 1 2.63 [1.72,4.02] 2.64 [1.71,4.08] 2.04 [1.29,3.23] 2.34 [1.30,4.23]
p-Interaction   <0.01   0.01   0.07   0.08  
Age and sex adjusted          
 Underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2) 1 5.19 [2.25,11.95] 5.17 [2.14,12.50] 5.20 [1.77,15.26]   
 Normal weight (BMI ≥ 18.5 to < 25.0 kg/m2) 1 2.52 [1.87,3.41] 2.43 [1.81,3.28] 1.89 [1.39,2.59]   
 Overweight (BMI ≥ 25 to < 30.0 kg/m2) 1 2.80 [2.02,3.89] 2.46 [1.77,3.42] 2.00 [1.41,2.83]   
 Obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 1 2.53 [1.41,4.54] 2.19 [1.20,3.98] 1.97 [1.10,3.51]   
p-Interaction   0.48   0.49   0.97    
  1. aWeighted according to the Swiss general population
  2. bAdjusted for area of residence, nationality, educational level, smoking status, physical activity, marital status, alcohol consumption, attention to diet, self-reported health, age (if appropriate), sex (if appropriate), and body mass index (if appropriate)
  3. cInteraction term: cross-product of sex, age-groups or weight groups, respectively, with body weight satisfaction