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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: An individually-tailored smoking cessation intervention for rural Veterans: a pilot randomized trial

Variable Quitline Referral Tailored intervention Total
(n = 32) (n = 31) (N = 63)
Sociodemographics
 Age 58.5 (8.8) 55.1 (11.5) 56.8 (10.3)
  Range 31–73 32–73 31–73
 Female, n (%) 5 (15.6) 3 (9.7) 8 (12.7)
 Racial or ethnic minority, n (%) 2 (6.3) 1 (3.2) 3 (4.8)
 High school or less education, n (%) 15 (46.9) 16 (51.6) 31 (49.2)
 Fair or poor self-rated health, n (%) 15 (46.9) 13 (41.9) 28 (44.4)
 Married, n (%) 15 (46.9) 15 (48.4) 30 (47.6)
 Employed for wages outside home, n (%) 6 (19.4) 10 (35.7) 16 (27.1)
 Annual household income < $25,000, n (%) 19 (59.4) 12 (42.9) 31 (51.7)
Smoking-related variables
 Cigarettes smoked per day 27.2 (25.7) 22.3 (10.3) 24.7 (19.4)
 Age of smoking initiation 15.8 (2.8) 16.7 (3.4) 16.2 (3.1)
 Years as regular smoker 40.9 (9.3) 36.5 (10.9) 38.6 (10.3)
 Prior quit attempts lasting ≥ 24 h 9.4 (19.6) 6.6 (8.1) 8.0 (15.0)
 Other smokers in household, n (%) 13 (40.6) 13 (41.9) 26 (41.3)
 Nicotine dependencea 5.7 (2.1) 5.6 (2.3) 5.7 (2.2)
 Readiness to quit smokingb 6.5 (1.3) 6.8 (1.1) 6.6 (1.2)
  1. aMeasured using the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence [42]. Possible scores range from 0 to 10
  2. bMeasured on a scale of 1 (No interest in quitting) to 10 (Have quit and will never smoke again) using the Contemplation Ladder [41]