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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratios relating childhood physical abuse, childhood sexual abuse and childhood exposure to intimate partner violence to diabetes, household population aged 18 years or older, Canada, 2012

From: Childhood maltreatment as a risk factor for diabetes: findings from a population-based survey of Canadian adults

  Odds ratios controlling for age and sex Odds ratios controlling for age, sex and socio-demographic factors
Odds (95 % CI) Odds (95 % CI)
CPA 1.1 (0.9, 1.3) 1.1 (0.9, 1.4)
CPA severity and frequency
 Severe and frequent (>10 times) CPA 1.9* (1.4, 2.7) 1.8* (1.3, 2.5)
 Severe CPA (<=10 times) 1.3 (1.0, 1.7) 1.2 (0.9, 1.6)
 CPA (excluding severe CPA) 0.9 (0.7, 1.1) 1.0 (0.8, 1.3)
 No CPA (reference)   
CSA 1.5* (1.1, 2.0) 1.6* (1.2, 2.1)
CSA: severity and frequency
 Severe and frequent (> = 3 times) CSA 2.5* (1.4, 4.2) 2.2* (1.3, 3.7)
 Severe CSA (<=2 times) 1.5 (1.0, 2.3) 1.6* (1.1, 2.4)
 Sexual touching (excluding severe CSA) 1.0 (0.7, 1.5) 1.2 (0.8, 1.7)
 No CSA (reference)   
CEIPV 1.3 (0.9, 1.9) 1.2 (0.9, 1.8)
Frequency of CEIPV
 More than 10 times 1.4 (0.9, 2.1) 1.3 (0.8, 2.0)
 Three to 10 times 1.2 (0.8, 2.0) 1.2 (0.7, 2.0)
 Never, once or twice (reference)   
Frequency of CEIPV (with no CSA)
 More than 10 times   
 Three to 10 times 0.8 (0.3, 1.9) 0.7 (0.3, 1.8)
 Never, once or twice (reference) 1.3 (0.5, 3.2) 1.2 (0.4, 3.0)
Co-occurrence of CPA and CSA
 Both severe and frequent   
 Either severe and frequent or both severe 3.2* (1.7, 6.1) 2.6* (1.4, 4.9)
 Either severe (neither frequent) 2.0* (1.4, 2.9) 1.9* (1.3, 2.8)
 Both CPA and CSA (neither severe) 1.2 (0.9, 1.6) 1.3 (0.9, 1.7)
 Either CPA or CSA (neither severe) 0.8 (0.4, 1.5) 0.9 (0.5, 1.8)
 No CPA and no CSA abuse (reference) 0.9 (0.7, 1.1) 1.0 (0.8, 1.2)
  1. Statistics Canada, Canadian Community Health Survey - Mental Health, 2012 (share file)
  2. CPA Childhood physical abuse, CSA Childhood sexual abuse, CEIPV Childhood exposure to intimate partner violence, CI confidence interval
  3. The odds ratios are based on unstandardized regression coefficients. The socio-demographic controls include age, sex, marital status, education, household income, immigrant status, ethnicity, employment status, and place of residence
  4. *Significantly different from reference (p < 0.05)