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Table 3 Urban rural differences in levels of physical activity, STEPS Survey, Punjab, India, 2014-15

From: Urban rural differences in diet, physical activity and obesity in India: are we witnessing the great Indian equalisation? Results from a cross-sectional STEPS survey

Variables Males (N = 2381) Females (N = 2746) Total (N = 5127)
Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural
n = 943 n = 1438 n = 1088 n = 1658 n = 2031 n = 3096
Physical activity
 Light 22.6*** (17.2–28.0) 22.2** (16.0–28.4) 37.5 (30.0–45.0) 44.1 (37.3–51.0) 29.2 (23.1–35.3) 32.6 (26.3–38.8)
 Moderate 45.0 (41.3–48.7) 43.5 (39.0–48.0) 51.2** (44.9–57.5) 38.7 (33.5–44.1) 47.7 (44.0–51.5) 41.3 (37.0–45.6)
 Vigorous 32.4*** (27.8–37.0) 34.3** (28.2–40.3) 11.3 (9.0–13.7) 17.1 (12.0–22.2) 23.1 (19.5–26.6) 26.2 (21.0–31.2)
At least 150 min/week of moderate activity or equivalent (at least 600 MET–minute/week) 87.7 (83.5–91.8) 85.7** (81.0–90.4) 80.8 (73.4–88.2) 70.8 (64.7–77.0) 84.7 (79.4–90.0) 78.8 (73.6–84.0)
Percentage inactive in the following domains
 Work 24.6 (16.3–32.8) 22.5 (15.4–29.5) 27.4 (16.3–38.6) 24.7 (19.2–30.2) 25.8 (17.2–34.4) 23.5 (17.8–29.2)
 Transport 18.0 (13.5–22.5) 18.3** (13.1–23.6) 24.1 (14.4–33.7) 32.8 (25.1–40.6) 20.6 (14.1–27.1) 25.1 (18.9–31.3)
 Recreation 84.9*** (79.1–90.7) 87.2** (84.1–90.2) 94.3 (92.0–96.7) 95.2 (93.9–96.6) 89.0 (85.2–92.8) 90.9 (89.0–92.8)
No vigorous activity 34.7*** (27.4–42.1) 43.5** (35.5–51.6) 6.3** (4.1–8.5) 19.1 (13.9–24.4) 22.3 (17.2–27.4) 32.2 (25.8–38.5)
Mean minutes spent daily towards
 Work 87.7 (83.5–91.8) 85.7** (81.0–90.4) 80.8 (73.4–88.2) 70.8 (64.7–77.0) 84.7 (79.4–90.0) 78.8 (73.6–84.0)
 Transport 53.0*** (45.8–60.1) 50.2** (43.3–57.2) 36.6 (29.4–43.7) 34.3 (27.3–41.4) 45.8 (39.5–52.1) 42.8 (36.4–49.2)
 Recreation 7.4*** (4.3–10.5) 8.7** (6.3–11.0) 1.7 (1.1–2.4) 2.4 (1.2–3.7) 5.2 (3.3–7.2) 5.4 (4.1–6.8)
 Sedentary activity 237.8 (219.7–256.0) 208 (193.1–222.8) 232.7 (212.7–252.7) 237.2 (216.0–258.4) 235.6 (218.4–252.8) 221.6 (206.1–237.2)
  1. Estimates are weighted for age, sex, and non-response; data in the table are presented as mean (95 % confidence interval) or % (95 % confidence interval); *p <0.05 compared to rural subjects; **p < 0.05 compared to rural females; ***p <0.05 compared to urban females