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Table 1 Socio-demographic profile of study participants in STEPS Survey, Punjab, India

From: Urban rural differences in diet, physical activity and obesity in India: are we witnessing the great Indian equalisation? Results from a cross-sectional STEPS survey

Socio-demographic characteristics   Rural Urban Total
N = 3096 N = 2031 N = 5127
Age 18–44 2046 (66) 1298 (64) 3344 (65)
45–69 1050 (34) 733 (36) 1783 (35)
Sex Male 1438 (46) 943 (46) 2381 (46)
Female 1658 (54) 1088 (54) 2746 (54)
Educational status No formal schooling 848 (27) 355 (17) 1203 (23)
Upto primary school 776 (26) 490 (24) 1266 (25)
Upto high school 1264 (41) 862 (43) 2130 (42)
Higher education 196 (6) 322 (16) 518 (10)
Social Group SC 1236 (40) 691 (34) 1927 (38)
OBC 401 (13) 298 (15) 699 (14)
General 1409 (46) 1001 (49) 2410 (47)
Unknown 50 (1) 40 (2) 90 (1)s
Marital Status Never married 517 (17) 321 (16) 838 (16)
Currently married 2340 (76) 1535 (76) 3875 (76)
Separated/Divorced/Widowed 216 (6) 164 (7) 380 (7)
Unknown 23 (1) 10 (1) 33 (1)
Occupation Government employee 99 (3) 88 (4) 187 (4)
Non-government employee 551 (18) 406 (20) 957 (19)
Self-employed 817 (26) 473 (23) 1290 (25)
Unpaid 1493 (49) 995 (49) 2488 (49)
Unemployed 131 (4) 65 (3) 196 (3)
  1. Figures in parenthesis indicate percentages; SC scheduled caste, OBC other backward castes; SCs and STs are groups of historically disadvantaged people in India recognised by the Constitution of India; OBC is a collective term used by the Constitution of India to classify castes which are socially and educationally disadvantaged although they are considered to be at a less disadvantageous position than SCs and STs; General category is a term used in India to denote a group other than OBCs, SCs and STs and are considered socially, educationally, and economically advanced; social group and marital status are unknown because participants refused to answer these questions; Unpaid includes student, homemaker and retired