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Table 2 The Eastern-Middle Eastern Adult Health Literacy (EMAHL13) Screening instrument for the population of the Eastern and Middle Eastern countries. The inclusion of non-health related items helps to unearth’s patient’s comprehension ability, possible reading impairments, and more importantly, to dissociate between education levels and health understanding and literacy

From: Assessing health literacy in the eastern and middle-eastern cultures

Domain Item# Questions Responses
Write/Fillout 1 You can write your name and Complete the treatment consent form Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
2 You can write and complete the past medical history form Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
Differentiate & Demonstrate 3 You can understand and demonstrate reading the English Newspaper Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
4 You can your understand and differentiate between the two similar medication labels Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
Navigate the Health Care System 5 You can read and identify the hospital signs shown Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
6 You can read and Identify the out-patient clinic where you have your appointment Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
Read & Understand 7 You can understand and demonstrate reading the local language Newspaper Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
8 You can correctly demonstrate understanding of the local currency denominations Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
9 You can read and understand the appointment slip Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
10 You can read and understand the patient education material given to you Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
11 You can read and understand patient rights & responsibilities sheet Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
12 You can understand and differentiate the dosage instructions on the medication bottle label Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)
13 You can understand and differentiate when and how medication needs to be taken from the prescription. Never (1) Rarely (2) Sometimes (3) Most times (4) Always (5)