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Table 1 Selection of the health literacy screening items relevant to the Eastern-Middle Eastern Cultures using the Focus Group (Stage 2)

From: Assessing health literacy in the eastern and middle-eastern cultures

Domain Item# Questions CVIa Score ± SD
Write/fill out 1 You can write your name and complete the treatment consent form 92.4 ± 8.7
2 You can write and complete the past medical history form 93.5 ± 1.4
3 You can write and complete the health insurance claim form for treatment 66.5 ± 3.0
4 You can write and complete the patient registration form 64.1 ± 8.7
Differentiate & Demonstrate 5 You can understand and demonstrate reading an English newspaper 94.9 ± 1.9
6 You can understand and differentiate the dosage instructions on the medication bottle label 95.3 ± 3.8
7 You can understand and differentiate when and how medication needs to be taken from the prescription. 94.5 ± 2.2
8 You can understand a pharmacy prescription 61.7 ± 3.5
9 You can correctly demonstrate understanding of consumer product (detergent) information 70.7 ± 2.0
10 You can understand and differentiate between the two similar medication labels 95.6 ± 2.4
Navigate the Health Care System 11 You can read and identify the hospital signs shown 95.9 ± 2.4
12 You can read and dentify the out-patient clinic where you have your appointment 93.4 ± 2.4
13 You can read and identify the medical supplies store 67.7 ± 3.7
Read & Understand 14 You can read and understand the appointment slip 96.4 ± 2.7
15 You can read and understand the patient education material given to you 93.6 ± 2.8
16 You can read and understand the Diagnosis instructions (full-bladder, overnight fasting) given to you 66.7 ± 3.4
17 You can understand and demonstrate reading a local language newspaper 96.0 ± 2.5
18 You can correctly demonstrate understanding of the local currency denominations given to you 96.5 ± 1.9
19 You can read and understand patient rights and responsibilities sheet given to you 93.1 ± 2.5
  1. a The Content Validity Index (CVI) represents the average score rated by each member of the focus group for each item generated by the expert panel. The score between 0–100 points reflected the relevance and importance to the local culture and setting. Higher scores represented greater relevance and importance of the survey item. Items obtaining a mean score of 80 % or more were accepted as survey questions for field pretest