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Table 4 Availability of per capita daily energy (in calories) of the Bolsa Família Program beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries household blocks, according to the food groups. Brazil, 2008–09

From: Impact of the Bolsa Família program on food availability of low-income Brazilian families: a quasi experimental study

  Non-beneficiaries (n = 100) Beneficiaries (n = 100)  
Food items Mean SE Mean SE p*
In natura or minimally processed foods 692.7 174.4 746.5 171.2 0.029
 Rice 243.8 115.2 257.5 117.6 0.398
 Beans 74.5 28.3 81.4 41.1 0.158
 Pasta 32.0 13.3 31.9 14.3 0.968
 Wheat flour 16.8 16.6 20.1 25.9 0.236
 Manioc Flour 92.7 88.5 97.3 55.7 0.640
 Fruits 20.5 21.1 18.4 10.1 0.355
 Vegetables 4.8 2.1 5.5 2.7 0.024
 Roots and tubers 7.7 6.7 10.9 9.0 0.006
 Milk 39.0 14.2 40.8 19.5 0.381
 Meats 96.5 25.4 109.8 31.4 0.000
 Fish and other seafood 14.2 9.5 14.4 9.2 0.856
 Eggs 7.7 3.0 8.6 4.7 0.099
 Other in natura or minimally processed foodsa 42.6 43.5 50.0 40.0 0.202
Processed culinary Ingredients 286.5 88.0 337.7 142.9 0.003
 Sugar 149.9 52.7 175.3 75.4 0.008
 Condiments and seasonings 1.4 1.1 1.5 1.4 0.516
 Oils 122.0 42.7 144.3 84.3 0.020
 Animal fats 4.8 5.4 4.3 5.2 0.458
Processed Products 81.5 22.1 86.9 45.6 0.257
 Bread 66.6 19.1 67.5 21.8 0.727
 Cheese 3.0 3.1 2.7 3.0 0.503
 Processed meat 7.8 6.0 12.3 37.6 0.253
 Preserved meat 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.5 0.956
 Preserved vegetables 0.8 3.6 0.4 0.9 0.275
 Other processed productsb 1.1 1.3 1.3 2.0 0.407
Ultra-processed products 129.1 38.4 134.8 39.4 0.201
 Ultra-processed breads 4.2 3.8 4.5 4.4 0.512
 Bakery products 23.0 9.2 26.0 9.4 0.011
 Confectionary and other sugar based products 8.1 6.3 7.2 6.2 0.260
 Salty snacks 20.3 8.1 21.8 9.4 0.212
 Sodas 8.2 4.5 8.4 5.5 0.671
 Other sugar sweetened beverages 2.1 1.6 2.4 2.4 0.308
 Ultra-processed meats 21.2 10.5 18.8 8.2 0.046
 Ready-to-eat meal or dishes 10.4 6.6 11.2 14.4 0.586
 Sauces and spreads 2.0 1.7 2.2 3.9 0.546
 Morning cereals 11.3 11.2 13.8 12.7 0.143
 Margarine 16.8 7.6 17.1 8.6 0.747
Total 1190.0 261.3 1305.5 310.8 0.004
  1. *P value for paired Student T-test
  2. anuts and seeds, teas and coffee, other legumes, other cereals, soy protein, other flours
  3. bother sugars, vinegar, coconut milk, cream In Bold, mean values for the four main Groups