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Table 3 Differences in weekly per capita food expenditure (in R$a) and per capita daily energy availability between the Bolsa Família Program beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries’ households blocks, according to food groups. Brazil, 2008–09

From: Impact of the Bolsa Família program on food availability of low-income Brazilian families: a quasi experimental study

  Mean SE 95 % CI
Weekly per capita expenditure (R$a)
In natura or minimally processed food 0.52 0.18 0.17 0.87
 Processed culinary ingredients 0.13 0.05 0.03 0.23
 Processed Products 0.02 0.04 −0.05 0.10
 Ultra-processed products −0.05 0.07 −0.18 0.09
 Total per capita expenditure 0.63 0.25 0.12 1.13
Per capita daily energy (kcal)
In natura or minimally processed food 53.82 24.32 5.56 102.08
 Processed culinary ingredients 51.13 17.07 17.26 85.00
 Processed Products 5.46 4.79 −4.05 14.97
 Ultra-processed products 5.74 4.46 −3.10 14.59
 Total per capita energy 115.54 39.40 37.37 193.71
  1. aR$ = Brazilian Real - US$1.00 ≈ R$2.50 (in 2009)