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Table 2 Weekly per capita expenditure (in R$c) of the Bolsa Família Program beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries households blocks, according to the food groups. Brazil, 2008–09

From: Impact of the Bolsa Família program on food availability of low-income Brazilian families: a quasi experimental study

  Non-beneficiaries (n = 100) Beneficiaries (n = 100)  
Food items Mean SE Mean SE p *
In natura or minimally processed foods 6.75 1.31 7.27 1.57 0.004
 Rice 0.85 0.30 0.94 0.43 0.082
 Beans 0.49 0.16 0.52 0.25 0.302
 Pasta 0.19 0.07 0.19 0.09 0.894
 Wheat flour 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.09 0.280
 Manioc flour 0.26 0.20 0.27 0.15 0.627
 Fruits 0.39 0.19 0.40 0.19 0.583
 Vegetables 0.33 0.14 0.37 0.17 0.022
 Roots and tubers 0.10 0.06 0.13 0.10 0.001
 Milk 0.63 0.23 0.62 0.30 0.783
 Meat 2.40 0.66 2.59 0.72 0.021
 Fish 0.43 0.26 0.45 0.27 0.634
 Eggs 0.18 0.07 0.20 0.09 0.209
 Other in natura or minimally processed foodsa 0.45 0.17 0.52 0.20 0.012
Processed culinary Ingredients 0.74 0.21 0.88 0.44 0.009
 Sugar 0.30 0.11 0.35 0.15 0.007
 Salt 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.583
 Condiments and seasonings 0.05 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.662
 Oils 0.29 0.10 0.36 0.32 0.037
 Animal fats 0.03 0.02 0.03 0.02 0.367
 Other processed culinary ingredientsb 0.05 0.04 0.06 0.04 0.009
Processed Products 0.92 0.22 0.95 0.33 0.504
 Bread 0.58 0.16 0.60 0.23 0.351
 Cheese 0.07 0.07 0.06 0.07 0.427
 Processed meat 0.20 0.12 0.21 0.18 0.661
 Preserved meat 0.03 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.709
 Preserved vegetables 0.02 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.064
 Other processed products 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.03 0.735
Ultra-processed products 1.80 0.73 1.75 0.75 0.504
 Ultra-processed breads 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.468
 Bakery products 0.23 0.10 0.25 0.10 0.069
 Confectionary and other sugar based products 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.08 0.022
 Salty snacks 0.17 0.07 0.18 0.08 0.524
 Sodas 0.22 0.13 0.22 0.14 0.671
 Other sugar sweetened beverages 0.14 0.08 0.15 0.11 0.475
 Ultra-processed meats 0.28 0.14 0.25 0.14 0.061
 Ready-to-eat meal or dishes 0.20 0.16 0.18 0.22 0.655
 Sauces and spreads 0.09 0.06 0.09 0.08 0.868
 Morning cereals 0.10 0.07 0.10 0.08 0.992
 Margarine 0.10 0.05 0.10 0.05 0.722
Total 10.22 2.08 10.85 2.52 0.015
  1. *p value for paired Student T-test
  2. anuts and seeds, teas and coffee, other legumes, other cereals, soy protein, other flours
  3. bother sugars, vinegar, coconut milk, cream
  4. cR$ = Brazilian Real -US$1,00 ≈ R$2,50 (in 2009). In Bold, mean values for the four main Groups