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Table 2 Dimensions and indicators of flexicurity

From: What is the impact of flexicurity on the chances of entry into employment for people with low education and activity limitations due to health problems? A comparison of 21 European countries using Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)

Core dimensions Operationalization Indicators
Flexible and reliable contractual arrangements Employment protection legislation EPL (general)
EPT (EPL for temporary employees)
Comprehensive lifelong learning strategies Life-long learning LLL - Proportion in education and training during the past 4 weeks
Effective labour market policies Active labour market policy PES - Expenditure on public employment services standardized to the proportion unemployed
ALMP - Expenditure on ALMP measures (training, job rotation/job sharing, employment incentives, supported employment and rehabilitation, direct job creation and start-up incentives) standardized to the proportion unemployed
ALMPtot – summary of PES and ALMP
Modern social security systems a. Social security PLMP - Expenditure on unemployment standardized to the proportion unemployed
Sickben - Expenditure on sickness benefits standardized to the proportion with activity limitations in the age group 45–64 years
PLMP OR Sickben
b. Social services ExpChild - Expenditure on social services directed at families standardized to the proportion 0–4 years
ExpOld - Expenditure on social services directed at pensioners standardized to the proportion 65+ years
SocExp – summary of ExpChild and ExpOld