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Table 3 Factors associated with household food insecurity among school adolescents in Jimma zone, Southwest Ethiopia, 2013

From: Household food insecurity and its association with school absenteeism among primary school adolescents in Jimma zone, Ethiopia

  Food secure household
Variables Category No Yes COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI) P-value
Household head Father 31.2 68.8 1.24 (0.66, 2.28) 1.80 (0.56, 5.81) 0.326
Mother 23.4 76.6 0.84 (0.42, 1.69) 2.29 (0.55, 9.65) 0.257
Relatives 26.8 73.2 1 1  
Maternal education No education 30.9 69.1 0.86 (0.41, 0.79)* 3.05 (0.78, 11.95) 0.109
Can read and write 33.3 66.7 0.97 (0.44, 2.15) 2.26 (0.57, 8.93) 0.064
Primary school(1–8) 40.1 59.9 1.29 (0.62, 2.69) 4.20 (1.22, 17.33) 0.024
Secondary school (9–12) 39.4 60.6 1.66 (0.72, 3.85) 5.36 (1.25, 22.10) 0.244
Collage and above 34.1 65.9 1 1  
Maternal occupation Housewives 28.6 71.4 1.18 (0.83, 1.68) 0.78 (0.39, 1.55) 0.476
Farmers 24.3 75.7 0.61 (0.31, 1.19) 0.41 (0.14, 1.23) 0.112
Othersa 25.3 74.7 1 1  
Type of house Self-build house 32.4 67.6 1.81 (1.13, 2.90) 1.80 (0.70, 4.62) 0.224
Government house 25.9 74.1 1.31 (0.74, 2.31) 0.94 (0.32, 2.77) 0.911
Rented house 21 79 1 1  
Caregivers’ residence Urban 24.3 75.7 0.95 (0.71, 1.27) 1.34 (0.42, 4.26) 0.620
Rural 25.2 74.8 1 1  
Caregivers’ Sex Male 22.3 77.7 0.94 (0.69, 1.26) 0.89 (0.54, 1.47) 0.653
Female 23.3 76.7 1 1  
Fathers’ job Farmers 29 71 1.07 (0.73, 1.57) 0.83 (0.28, 2.44) 0.730
Government employee 30.8 69.2 1.16 (0.71, 1.89) 0.90 (0.36, 2.28) 0.831
Private Organization 42.6 57.4 1.95 (1.08, 3.55) 1.25 (0.47, 3.30) 0.655
Others 27.7 72.3 1 1  
Fathers education No education 22.2 77.8 0.53 (0.29, 0.95)* 0.86 (0.25, 2.94) 0.814
Can read and write 31 69 0.83 (0.45, 1.53) 1.11 (0.30, 4.09) 0.879
Primary school(1–8) 33.4 66.6 0.93 (0.55, 1.56) 0.78 (0.27, 2.27) 0.653
Secondary school (9–12) 38.3 61.7 1.15 (0.63, 2.07) 1.16 (0.40, 3.33) 0.785
Collage and above 35.1 64.9 1 1  
Caregivers’ illness Yes 31.2 68.8 1.98 (1.45, 2.70)** 1.41 (0.83, 2.40) 0.202
No 18.7 81.3 1 1  
Family economic situation Self-sufficient 2.8 97.2 0.06 (0.03, 0.10)** 0.17 (0.06, 0.51) 0.001
Not self-sufficient 31.3 68.7 1   
Family size ≤4 21.6 78.4 0.78 (0.55, 1.10) 0.93 (0.51, 1.69) 0.814
≥5 26 74 1 1  
Livestock ownership Have livestock 2.5 97.5 0.02 (0.01, 0.04)** 0.09 (0.01, 0.15) 0.001
Have no livestock 51.6 48.4 1   
Household economic status Low 19.3 80.7 0.58 (0.37, 0.93)* 1.39 (1.18, 2.83) 0.014
Medium 24.6 75.4 0.79 (0.53, 1.17) 0.68 (0.36, 1.30) 0.240
High 29.3 70.7 1 1  
Marital Status Married 25.5 74.5 0.92 (0.66, 1.28) 0.64 (0.36, 1.13) 0.125
Not Married 27 73 1 1  
  1. COR Crude Odd ratio, AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio
  2. *Significant at <0.05, **significant at <0.001,
  3. aDaily laborer, government and non-government employee