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Table 1 Characteristics of NFP clients and comparison women, 2008-2014

From: Home visiting and perinatal smoking: a mixed-methods exploration of cessation and harm reduction strategies

  Smoking cohort All clients/comparisons
Characteristics Comparisons (n = 7701) Clients (n = 2595) p-value Controls (n = 33,384) Clients (n = 8986) p-value
% %   % %
Age, less than 18 years 28.9 24.2 <0.01 18.6 22.1 <0.01
Race/ethnicity
 White 75.3 75.2   50.9 50.3  
 Black 12.9 13.8   25.3 25.9  
 Hispanic 10.5 10.2   20.9 21.3  
 Other 1.4 0.8 0.08 2.9 2.6 0.22
Unmarried 93.8 92.5 0.03 89.8 88.9 0.01
Education, less than high school 36.7 38.2 0.19 30.5 31.2 0.20
TANF Receipt 57.1 54.0 0.01 49.6 50.4 0.18
Foodstamp Receipt 59.8 60.1 0.76 48.9 47.2 <0.01