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Table 1 Associations between reason for testing, length of time aware of risk, route to testing and CMD/AUD

From: Pathways to HIV testing and care in Goa, India: exploring psychosocial barriers and facilitators using mixed methods

Reason for testing, length of time aware of risk, route to testing All CMD P-value (chi-squared) OR (95 % CI) aAOR (95 % CI) bAUD P-value (chi-squared) OR (95 % CI) aAOR (95 % CI)
No reason given 1095 (56.6) 51 (6.1) 0.23 1.27 (0.86–1.89)   133 (32.8) <0.01 1.68 (1.2–2.26) 1.68 (1.25–2.27)
Pre-marital test 29 (1.5) 2 (6.9) 0.88 1.31 (0.31–5.58)   4 (20.0) 0.47 0.67 (0.22–2.02)  
Repeat test 378 (19.5) 12 (3.2) 0.03 0.52 (0.28–0.96) 0.55 (0.30–1.03) 57 (30.7) 0.22 1.24 (0.87–1.77)  
Test before going abroad 30 (1.6) 1 (3.3) 0.81 0.60 (0.08–4.47)   9 (34.6) 0.38 1.44 (0.63–3.28)  
Child/partner who is HIV + ve 119 (6.2) 7 (5.9) 0.80 1.11 (0.50–2.44)   8 (30.8) 0.67 1.20 (0.52–2.80)  
 Known for <1 month 47 (39.5) 2 (4.3)     1 (16.7)    
 Known for >1 month 72 (60.5) 5 (6.9) 0.54 1.68 (0.31–9.12)   7 (35.0) 0.11 (2.62) 4.95 (0.57–43.04)  
Partner’s risk behaviour 91 (4.7) 6 (6.6) 0.60 1.26 (0.54–2.95)   11 (39.3) 0.14 1.77 (0.82–3.85)  
 Known for <1 month 37 (40.7) 0 (0.0)     4 (33.3) 4 (36.4)   
 Known for >1 month 54 (59.3) 6 (11.1) 0.04 NA NA 6 (37.5) 7 (63.6) 1.56 (0.32–7.64)  
Symptoms which you believe may be due to HIV 77 (4.0) 8 (10.4) 0.05 2.13 (0.99–4.55) 2.26 (1.03–4.96) 18 (34.6) 0.21 1.46 (0.81–2.63)  
 Known for <1 month 47 (61.0) 2 (4.3)     14 (38.9)    
 Known for >1 month 30 (39.0) 6 (20.0) 0.03 5.63 (0.99–32.12) 15.53 (1.53–157.68) 4 (25.0) 0.33 0.52 (0.14–2.00)  
Risk behaviour 112 (5.8) 15 (13.4) <0.01 3.01 (1.68–5.41) 3.04 (1.67–5.55) 28 (41.8) 0.01 2.05 (1.23–3.42) 1.95 (1.16–3.27)
 Known for <1 month 60 (53.6) 6 (10.0)     13 (35.1)    
 Known for >1 month 52 (46.4) 9 (17.3) 0.26 1.88 (0.62–5.77)   15 (50.0) 0.22 1.85 (0.68–5.03  
Advised to test by Doctor 1457 (75.3) 84 (5.8) 0.19 1.40 (0.85–2.30)   166 (28.0) 0.44 1.13 (0.83–1.54  
 <1 month ago 1433 (98.4) 79 (5.5)     164 (28.0)    
 >1 month ago 24 (1.7) 5 (20.8) <0.01 4.51 (1.63–2.44) 6.18 (2.16–17.70) 2 (22.2) 0.70 0.73 (0.15–3.57  
Advised to test by NGO staff 60 (3.1) 3 (5.0) 0.90 0.92 (0.28–3.00)   16 (?)    
 <1 month ago 58 (95.1) 2 (3.5)     16 (6.6)    
 >1 month ago 3 (4.9) 2 (66.7) <0.01 56.00 (1.93–1.624e + 03) NA 0 (0.0) NA NA  
Advised to test by family member/friend/other 71 (3.7) 1 (1.4) 0.13 0.24 (0.03–1.78)      
 <1 month 47 (66.2) 1 (2.1)     3 (15.0)    
 >1 month ago 24 (33.8) 1 (0.0) 0.47 NA   3 (21.4) 0.63 1.55 (0.25–9.38)  
  1. aAdjusted for gender, education, age
  2. bAnalysed using a men-only dataset, n = 915