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Table 5 Descriptive statistics of service uptake outcomes at six months by study arm (percentages)

From: Randomized evaluation and cost-effectiveness of HIV and sexual and reproductive health service referral and linkage models in Zambia

Uptake of services at 6 months
  Arm 1 Arm 2 Arm 3  
Standard of care Enhanced services Enhanced services & escort Tests
Females (n range) 283–559 273–555 273–547  
 HIV testing and counseling 28.3 34.9 33.9 A†
 Family planning 23.7 19.3 22.3  
 Cervical cancer screening 9.7 22.2 23.6 A***, B***
Males (n) 371 375 364  
 Voluntary medical male circumcision 4.3 6.1 11.5 B***, C**
Both females and males (n range) 43–1070 57–1080 53–1054  
 HIV care and treatment 8.0 9.5 10.0  
 STI care and treatment 4.5 4.1 4.5  
 TB testinga 18.8 24.5 37.3 B**, C*
 CD4 testing 63.5 73.5 71.6  
 Initiated ARTa 93.0 100.0 98.1 A†
 Psychosocial support 15.3 12.9 16.7  
Partners of clients (n range) 371–857 399–873 361–849  
 HIV testing and counseling 33.9 35.1 39.2 B*, C†
 Family planning 25.1 23.9 21.4  
 Voluntary medical male circumcision 3.6 6.3 5.4 A†
 Cervical cancer screening 12.6 14.9 13.7  
 HIV care and treatment 7.3 8.3 8.5  
 STI care and treatment 4.2 3.3 4.2  
  1. A = Arms 1 & 2, B = Arms 1 & 3, C = Arms 2 & 3
  2. Note: Two cases are excluded for answering these questions for a six-week window instead of a six-month window
  3. Note: Sample sizes for client outcomes vary as each outcome is restricted to certain entry sites and a few participants chose to not disclose receipt of certain services
  4. Note: All tests are from bivariate cross-tabulations using chi-square tests for significance, unless otherwise noted
  5. ***p < .001; **p < .01; *p < .05; †p < .10
  6. aTested using Fisher’s exact test due to small cell sizes