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Table 4 Univariable and multivariable analysis of HIV with participant background characteristics

From: The prevalence and socio-economic determinants of HIV among teenagers aged 15–18 years who were participating in a mobile testing population based survey in 2013–2014 in Zambia

  Univariable Multivariable
Variable OR [95 % CI] p-value OR [95 % CI] p-value
Age (years)
 15 Ref    
 16 1.1 (0.5-2.6) 0.808 0.81 (0.29-2.24) 0.685
 17 1.5 (0.7-3.3) 0.328 1.39 (0.57-3.43) 0.469
 18 1.5 (0.7-3.2) 0.320 1.65 (0.71-3.85) 0.243
Sex
 Female Ref    
 Male 0.6 (0.3-1.0) 0.044 0.35 (0.18-0.73) 0.004
Setting
 Rural Ref    
 Urban 1.7 (1.1-3.2) 0.025 2.21 (1.21-4.05) 0.010
Education Level
 No schooling Ref    
 Primary 0.4 (0.1-1.9) 0.264 0.28 (0.06-1.26) 0.098
 Secondary 0.4 (0.1-1.6) 0.175 0.31 (0.07-1.32) 0.113
 Tertiary 1.9 (0.2-22.8) 0.602 1.93 (0.16-22.83) 0.603
Marital status
 Never married Ref    
 Currently or living as married 1.4 (0.6-3.1) 0.407 1.91 (0.84-4.32) 0.121
 Divorced or separated 4.4 (0.6-33.7) 0.156 6.0 (0.77-46.21) 0.087
Employment status
 Unemployed Ref    
 Employed 1.5 (0.4-6.8) 0.564 1.0 (0.13-7.56) 0.989
 Pupil/Student 0.4 (0.2-0.6) 0.000 0.33 (0.17-0.63) 0.001
Wealth Quintile
 Lowest Ref    
 Second lowest 1.7 (0.6-5.0) 0.334 1.8 (0.3-3.9) 0.095
 Middle 2.3 (0.8-6.5) 0.100 2.3 (0.3-4.4) 0.026
 Fourth 2.0 (0.7-5.7) 0.207 1.8 (0.3-3.9) 0.085
 Highest 1.5 (0.5-4.4) 0.461 2.0 (0.0-4.1) 0.055