Skip to main content

Table 4 Summary of prescribing indicators at PHCs within the WHO African region

From: Prescribing indicators at primary health care centers within the WHO African region: a systematic analysis (1995–2015)

  Prescribing indicators
Average number of medicines prescribed per encountera Percentage of medicines prescribed by generic name Percentage of encountersb with an antibiotic prescribed Percentage of encountersb with an injection prescribed Percentage of medicines prescribed from an essential medicines list
WHO reference values [12, 13] <2 100 % <30 % <20 % 100 %
Facility type
 All 3.1 (IQR 2.3–4.8) 68.0 % (IQR 55.4–80.3) 46.8 % (IQR 33.7–62.8) 25.0 % (IQR 18.7–39.5) 88.0 % (IQR 76.3–94.1)
n = 138,671 n = 121,797 n = 120,422 n = 40,096 n = 33,140
 Publica 2.6 (IQR 2.2–4.7) 68.9 % (IQR 57.6–84.5) 45.0 % (IQR 30.1–60.2) 25.6 % (IQR 14.1–4.8) 89.9 % (82.9–95.6)
n = 44,596 n = 28,046 n = 26,071 n = 28,400 n = 23,044
 Privatea 2.5 (IQR 2.3–3.2) 61.3 % (IQR 47.7–75.7) 51.3 % (IQR 37.5–66.6) 29.0 % (IQR 19.0–39.5) 84.0 % (IQR 69.8–91.9)
n = 92,475 n = 92,151 n = 92,751 n = 10,096 n = 8496
Studies publication period
 1995–2005 2.4 (IQR 2.3–4.0) 64.2 % (IQR 51.9–77.9) 43.1 % (IQR 33.7–61.7) 25.0 % (IQR 17.1–41.4) 87.1 % (IQR 84.9–92.0)
n = 25,289 n = 13,949 n = 15,971 n = 14,549 n = 10,324
 2006–2015 3.5 (IQR 2.2–5.6) 70.4 % (IQR 60.7-81.1) 49.0 % (IQR 37.8–63.1) 24.8 % (IQR 18.7–37.4) 88.9 % (IQR 70.8–94.0)
n = 113,382 n = 107,848 n = 104,451 n = 25,547 n = 22,816
  1. IQR interquartile range, n total number of patient encounters used in analysis, aexcludes Ahiabu et al. [32] which did not provide individual results for public and private facilities