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Table 3 Descriptive characteristics of included studies

From: Prescribing indicators at primary health care centers within the WHO African region: a systematic analysis (1995–2015)

No. Author Details Year of Publication Country Data collection method Data collection duration Mean age of patients Type of facility (s) No. of facilities Setting Prescriber type (s) No. of patient encounters
1. Abdella and Wabe [28]. 2012 Ethiopia Retrospective 1 year n.s Public 1 Urban Health Officers 384
2. Adisa et al. [29]. 2015 Nigeria Prospective 3 months ≥15 Public 8 Urban n.s 400
3. Afriyie and Tetteh [30]. 2013 Ghana Retrospective 7 months n/s Public 1 Urban Medical assistants, Doctors 120
4. Afriyie et al. [31]. 2015 Ghana Prospective 6 months n/s Public 1 Urban Medical assistants, doctors 3127
5. Ahiabu et al. [32]. 2015 Ghana Retrospective 1 year n/s Private & Public 4 (public = 1, private = 3) Urban Doctors, medical assistants 1600
6. Angamo et al. [33]. 2011 Ethiopia Prospective 6 weeks n/s Public 4 Urban n.s 3058
7. Babalola et al. [8]. 2011 Nigeria Retrospective 1 year 19.4 years Public 20 n/s Community health workers, physicians, health assistants, pharmacy technicians, nurses and Pharmacist 560
8. Ball et al. [34] 2000 Zimbabwe Prospective n/s n/s Public 1 Urban Nurses 31
9. Bantie [35] 2014 Ethiopia Prospective n/s n/s Public 6 n/s n.s 600
10. Bexell et al. [36] 1996 Zambia Retrospective 3 months n/s Public 8 Urban Clinical officers 1167
11. Boonstra et al. [37] 2002 Botswana Prospective n/s 25.5 Public 30 Rural & Urban Registered nurse, Family nurse practitioner 2994
12. Boonstra et al. [38] 2005 Botswana Prospective n.s <5 Public 30 Rural & Urban Nurses 255
13. Bosu and Ofori-Adjei [39] 2000 Ghana Retrospective 1 year 15 years Public 6 Rural Doctors and medical assistants 585
14. Desta et al. [40] 1997 Ethiopia Prospective & Retrospective Prospective 1–2 days
Retrospective-1 year
n/s Public 18 n/s n.s 2340
15. Dippenar et al. [41] 2006 South Africa Prospective 2 month n/s Public 1 Urban Doctors, nurses 1000
16. Enato et al. [42] 2012 Nigeria Retrospective 6 months n/s Public 1 Rural Doctors, nurses 315
17. Enato et al. [43] 2013 Nigeria Retrospective 1 year n/s Public 3 Urban Community health officers 1440
18. Isah. [44] 2008 Nigeria Retrospective 1 year n/s Private 20 Rural n.s 2510
19. Kapp et al. [45] 2013 South Africa Retrospective 3 months 41.0 years Public 4 Urban n.s 400
20. Katende-Kyenda et al. [46] 2007 South Africa Retrospective 1 year n.s private 9 Urban n.s 83,655
21. Krause et al. [47] 1999 Burkina Faso Prospective 2 months n/s Public 9 Rural nurses 313
22. Massele and Nsimba. [48] 1997 Tanzania Prospective 20 days n/s Public & Private 40 (public = 20, private = 20) Urban n.s 1200
23. Massele et al. [49] 2001 Tanzania Retrospective 14 months n/s Private 20 Rural & Urban Doctors 1200
24. Massele et al. [50] 2007 Tanzania Retrospective 1 year n/s Public & Private 20 (public = 10, Private = 10) n/s n.s 2000
25. Massele et al. [51] 2012 Tanzania Prospective 3 months n/s Public & Private 20 (public = 10, private = 10) Urban Clinical officers, and other paramedics 2000
26. Meyer et al. [52] 2001 South Africa Retrospective 1 month n/s Public 22 n/s Nurses 1287
27. Mohlala et al. [53] 2010 South Africa Prospective 5 months n/s Private 36 Rural & Urban Doctors 276
28. Nsimba et al. [54] 2004 Tanzania Retrospective 1 year n/s Private 10 n/s n.s 600
29. Nsimba [55] 2006 Tanzania Prospective n/s <5 years Public 10 n/s n.s 652
30. Odusanya and Oyediran [7] 2000 Nigeria Retrospective 6 months n/s Public 12 n/s Community health officers, Public health nurses 650
31. Olayemi et al. [56] 2006 Nigeria Prospective & Retrospective Prospective-2–3days
Retrospective-n/s
n/s Public 20 Rural & Urban n.s 1560
32. Oyeyemi and Ogunleye [57] 2013 Nigeria Retrospective 1 year 34 years Public 4 Urban Medical officer, community health officer, nurses and community health extension workers 600
33. Phillips-Howard et al. [58] 2003 Kenya Retrospective 1 year <5 Public 8 Rural n.s 9318
34. Risk et al. [59] 2013 Gambia Retrospective 1 year 1.71 Public 20 Rural & Urban n.s 2400
35. Savadogo et al. [60] 2014 Burkina Faso Prospective 1 month <5 Public 2 Urban n.s 376
36. Shiferaw et al. [61] 2010 Ethiopia Retrospective 1 year n/s Public 19 n/s n.s 731
37. Sisay and Mekonnen [62] 2012 Ethiopia Retrospective 2 years n.s Public 2 Urban n.s 424
38. Suleman et al. [63] 2013 Nigeria Retrospective 3 months n/s Public 10 n/s n.s 222
39. Tamuno [64] 2011 Nigeria Retrospective 1 year n.s Private 10 Urban n.s 998
40. Trap et al. [22] 2002 Zimbabwe Retrospective <6 months n/s Private 57 Urban Doctors 1699
41. Truter et al. [65] 2010 South Africa Retrospective 8 weeks n/s Public 1m Rural Supervised student trainees 4026
42. Tsega et al. [66] 2012 Ethiopia Retrospective 1 year 25 years Public & Private 11 (public = 3, private = 8) Rural & Urban n.s 600
43. Uzochukwu et al. [67] 2002 Nigeria Retrospective n/s n/s Public 33 n/s n.s 1650
  1. n.s not specified, m mobile clinic