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Table 1 Prevalence of e-cigarette use by socio-demographic characteristics in the adolescents from socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

From: Use of electronic cigarettes among secondary and high school students from a socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

Characteristic Never e-cigarette users n = 1807 (50.9 %) Ever e-cigarette users n = 770 (21.7 %) Current e-cigarette users n = 975 (27.4 %)
n (%) 95 % CI n (%) 95 % CI n (%) 95 % CI
Gender
 Male 922 (46.0) 43.8–48.2 437 (21.8) 20.0–23.6 645 (32.2) 30.2–34.3
 Female 885 (57.2) 54.7–59.7 333 (21.5) 19.5–23.6 330 (21.3) 19.3–23.3
Age (years)
 13 493 (61.9) 59.8–64.0 135 (16.9) 14.3–19.5 169 (21.2) 18.4–24.0
 14 485 (52.4) 49.2–55.6 204 (22.1) 19.4–24.8 236 (25.5) 22.7–28.3
 15 443 (48.0) 44.8–51.2 198 (21.4) 18.7–24.0 282 (30.6) 27.6–33.6
 16 93 (37.5) 31.5–43.5 62 (25.0) 19.6–30.4 93 (37.5) 31.5–43.5
 17 97 (42.7) 36.3–49.1 59 (26.0) 20.3–31.7 71 (31.3) 25.3–37.3
 18 79 (45.4) 38.0–52.8 42 (24.1) 17.7–30.5 53 (30.5) 23.7–37.3
 19 117 (45.4) 39.3–51.5 70 (27.1) 21.7–32.5 71 (27.5) 22.1–33.0
School grade
 Secondary 1421 (53.7) 51.8–55.6 537 (20.3) 18.8–21.8 687 (26.0) 24.3–27.7
 High 386 (42.6) 39.4–45.8 233 (25.7) 22.9–28.5 288 (31.7) 28.7–34.7
Father education
 Low 1007 (46.1) 44.0–48.2 466 (21.4) 19.7–23.1 710 (32.5) 30.5–34.5
 Medium 442 (56.2) 52.7–59.7 178 (22.6) 19.7–25.5 166 (21.1) 18.2–24.0
 High 358 (61.4) 57.5–65.4 126 (21.6) 18.3–24.9 99 (17.0) 13.9–20.0
Mother education       
 Low 773 (44.4) 42.1–46.7 416 (23.9) 21.9–25.9 552 (31.7) 29.5–33.9
 Medium 452 (45.5) 42.4–48.6 221 (22.2) 19.6–24.8 321 (32.3) 29.4–35.2
 High 582 (71.2) 68.1–74.3 133 (16.3) 13.8–18.8 102 (12.5) 10.2–14.8
Money available per month
  ≤ 100 PLN 1056 (44.9) 42.9–46.9 527 (22.4) 20.7–24.1 769 (32.7) 30.8–34.6
  > 100 PLN 751 (62.6) 59.9–65.3 243 (20.2) 18.0–22.6 206 (17.2) 15.1–19.3
Alcohol use
 Non-drinker 696 (78.8) 76.1–81.5 78 (8.8) 6.9–10.7 109 (12.3) 10.1–14.5
 Moderate 554 (89.9) 87.5–92.3 30 (4.9) 3.2–6.6 32 (5.2) 3.4–7.0
 Binge 557 (27.1) 25.2–29.0 662 (32.2) 30.2–24.2 834 (40.6) 38.5–42.7
Tobacco cigarette smoking status of the adolescents
 Never tobacco smoker 1197 (84.0) 82.1–85.9 143 (10.0) 8.4–11.6 85 (6.0) 4.8–7.2
 Ever tobacco smoker 436 (40.2) 37.4–43.2 358 (33.1) 30.3–35.9 289 (26.7) 24.1–29.3
 Current tobacco smoker 174 (16.7) 14.4–19.0 269 (25.8) 23.1–28.5 601 (57.6) 54.6–60.6
Parental smoking
 None 1083 (58.6) 56.4–60.9 349 (18.9) 17.1–20.7 415 (22.5) 20.6–24.4
 One or both parents 724 (42.5) 40.1–44.8 421 (24.7) 22.6–26.7 560 (32.8) 30.6–35.0
Friends smoking
 None 496 (74.0) 70.7–77.3 84 (12.5) 10.0–15.0 90 (13.4) 10.8–16.0
 Some 1029 (58.3) 56.0–60.6 385 (21.8) 19.9–23.7 350 (19.8) 17.9–21.7
 Most or all 282 (25.2) 22.7–27.7 301 (26.9) 24.4–29.4 535 (47.9) 45.0–50.7
Perception that tobacco smoking is harmful to health
 No 126 (32.0) 27.4–36.6 96 (24.4) 20.2–28.6 172 (43.6) 38.8–48.6
 Yes 1681 (53.2) 51.5–54.9 674 (21.3) 19.9–22.7 803 (25.4) 23.9–26.9
E-cigarette harm perception
 As harmful 722 (52.1) 49.5–54.7 260 (18.7) 16.7–20.9 405 (29.2) 26.8–31.6
 Less harmful 964 (51.4) 49.1–53.7 384 (20.5) 18.7–22.3 527 (28.1) 26.1–30.1
 More harmful 121 (41.7) 36.0–47.4 126 (43.5) 37.8–49.1 43 (14.8) 13.9–22.9
School has the rules restricting e-cigarettes use
 Yes 790 (54.9) 52.3–57.5 310 (21.5) 19.4–23.6 340 (23.6) 21.4–25.8
 No 1017 (48.2) 46.1–50.3 460 (21.8) 20.0–23.6 635 (30.1) 28.1–32.1
Smoking ban in a school building and in the school area
 Yes in all places 1346 (54.0) 52.0–56.0 541 (21.7) 20.1–23.3 607 (24.3) 22.6–26.0
 Yes in a school building but not in the school area 111 (45.9) 39.6–52.2 59 (24.4) 19.0–29.8 72 (29.8) 24.0–35.6
 No 350 (42.9) 39.5–46.3 170 (20.8) 18.0–23.6 296 (36.3) 33.0–39.6