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Table 1 Prevalence of e-cigarette use by socio-demographic characteristics in the adolescents from socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

From: Use of electronic cigarettes among secondary and high school students from a socially disadvantaged rural area in Poland

Characteristic

Never e-cigarette users n = 1807 (50.9 %)

Ever e-cigarette users n = 770 (21.7 %)

Current e-cigarette users n = 975 (27.4 %)

n (%)

95 % CI

n (%)

95 % CI

n (%)

95 % CI

Gender

 Male

922 (46.0)

43.8–48.2

437 (21.8)

20.0–23.6

645 (32.2)

30.2–34.3

 Female

885 (57.2)

54.7–59.7

333 (21.5)

19.5–23.6

330 (21.3)

19.3–23.3

Age (years)

 13

493 (61.9)

59.8–64.0

135 (16.9)

14.3–19.5

169 (21.2)

18.4–24.0

 14

485 (52.4)

49.2–55.6

204 (22.1)

19.4–24.8

236 (25.5)

22.7–28.3

 15

443 (48.0)

44.8–51.2

198 (21.4)

18.7–24.0

282 (30.6)

27.6–33.6

 16

93 (37.5)

31.5–43.5

62 (25.0)

19.6–30.4

93 (37.5)

31.5–43.5

 17

97 (42.7)

36.3–49.1

59 (26.0)

20.3–31.7

71 (31.3)

25.3–37.3

 18

79 (45.4)

38.0–52.8

42 (24.1)

17.7–30.5

53 (30.5)

23.7–37.3

 19

117 (45.4)

39.3–51.5

70 (27.1)

21.7–32.5

71 (27.5)

22.1–33.0

School grade

 Secondary

1421 (53.7)

51.8–55.6

537 (20.3)

18.8–21.8

687 (26.0)

24.3–27.7

 High

386 (42.6)

39.4–45.8

233 (25.7)

22.9–28.5

288 (31.7)

28.7–34.7

Father education

 Low

1007 (46.1)

44.0–48.2

466 (21.4)

19.7–23.1

710 (32.5)

30.5–34.5

 Medium

442 (56.2)

52.7–59.7

178 (22.6)

19.7–25.5

166 (21.1)

18.2–24.0

 High

358 (61.4)

57.5–65.4

126 (21.6)

18.3–24.9

99 (17.0)

13.9–20.0

Mother education

      

 Low

773 (44.4)

42.1–46.7

416 (23.9)

21.9–25.9

552 (31.7)

29.5–33.9

 Medium

452 (45.5)

42.4–48.6

221 (22.2)

19.6–24.8

321 (32.3)

29.4–35.2

 High

582 (71.2)

68.1–74.3

133 (16.3)

13.8–18.8

102 (12.5)

10.2–14.8

Money available per month

  ≤ 100 PLN

1056 (44.9)

42.9–46.9

527 (22.4)

20.7–24.1

769 (32.7)

30.8–34.6

  > 100 PLN

751 (62.6)

59.9–65.3

243 (20.2)

18.0–22.6

206 (17.2)

15.1–19.3

Alcohol use

 Non-drinker

696 (78.8)

76.1–81.5

78 (8.8)

6.9–10.7

109 (12.3)

10.1–14.5

 Moderate

554 (89.9)

87.5–92.3

30 (4.9)

3.2–6.6

32 (5.2)

3.4–7.0

 Binge

557 (27.1)

25.2–29.0

662 (32.2)

30.2–24.2

834 (40.6)

38.5–42.7

Tobacco cigarette smoking status of the adolescents

 Never tobacco smoker

1197 (84.0)

82.1–85.9

143 (10.0)

8.4–11.6

85 (6.0)

4.8–7.2

 Ever tobacco smoker

436 (40.2)

37.4–43.2

358 (33.1)

30.3–35.9

289 (26.7)

24.1–29.3

 Current tobacco smoker

174 (16.7)

14.4–19.0

269 (25.8)

23.1–28.5

601 (57.6)

54.6–60.6

Parental smoking

 None

1083 (58.6)

56.4–60.9

349 (18.9)

17.1–20.7

415 (22.5)

20.6–24.4

 One or both parents

724 (42.5)

40.1–44.8

421 (24.7)

22.6–26.7

560 (32.8)

30.6–35.0

Friends smoking

 None

496 (74.0)

70.7–77.3

84 (12.5)

10.0–15.0

90 (13.4)

10.8–16.0

 Some

1029 (58.3)

56.0–60.6

385 (21.8)

19.9–23.7

350 (19.8)

17.9–21.7

 Most or all

282 (25.2)

22.7–27.7

301 (26.9)

24.4–29.4

535 (47.9)

45.0–50.7

Perception that tobacco smoking is harmful to health

 No

126 (32.0)

27.4–36.6

96 (24.4)

20.2–28.6

172 (43.6)

38.8–48.6

 Yes

1681 (53.2)

51.5–54.9

674 (21.3)

19.9–22.7

803 (25.4)

23.9–26.9

E-cigarette harm perception

 As harmful

722 (52.1)

49.5–54.7

260 (18.7)

16.7–20.9

405 (29.2)

26.8–31.6

 Less harmful

964 (51.4)

49.1–53.7

384 (20.5)

18.7–22.3

527 (28.1)

26.1–30.1

 More harmful

121 (41.7)

36.0–47.4

126 (43.5)

37.8–49.1

43 (14.8)

13.9–22.9

School has the rules restricting e-cigarettes use

 Yes

790 (54.9)

52.3–57.5

310 (21.5)

19.4–23.6

340 (23.6)

21.4–25.8

 No

1017 (48.2)

46.1–50.3

460 (21.8)

20.0–23.6

635 (30.1)

28.1–32.1

Smoking ban in a school building and in the school area

 Yes in all places

1346 (54.0)

52.0–56.0

541 (21.7)

20.1–23.3

607 (24.3)

22.6–26.0

 Yes in a school building but not in the school area

111 (45.9)

39.6–52.2

59 (24.4)

19.0–29.8

72 (29.8)

24.0–35.6

 No

350 (42.9)

39.5–46.3

170 (20.8)

18.0–23.6

296 (36.3)

33.0–39.6