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Table 1 Mean scores for students selecting “motion” or “sport enjoyment” and comparison between the groups regarding demographics, general health perceptions and physical activity habits

From: Exploring the relationship between physical activity, life goals and health-related quality of life among high school students: a cross-sectional study

Number (%) or mean (± SD) Total (n = 156) “Motion enjoyment” (n = 108) “Sport enjoyment” (n = 48) P-value
Age (years)a 16.1 (0.6) 16.2 (0.7) 16.0 (0.5) .229
Boys 33 (21 %) 12 (11 %) 21 (44 %) < .001
Girls 123 (79 %) 96 (89 %) 27 (56 %)  
Vocational programsb     
 Health Care, Childhood and Youth Development 73 (47 %) 58 (54 %) 15 (33 %) .004
 Design, Arts and Crafts 41 (27 %) 30 (28 %) 11 (24 %)  
 Restaurant and Food Processing 40 (26 %) 20 (18 %) 20 (43 %)  
Education levelc     
 Father above 13 years 27 (19 %) 16 (15 %) 10 (24 %) .421
 Father under 13 years 57 (39 %) 41 (40 %) 16 (39 %)  
 Father “don’t know” 61 (42 %) 46 (45.0 %) 15 (37 %)  
 Mother above 13 years 31 (20 %) 16 (16 %) 14 (37 %) .042
 Mother under 13 years 59 (41 %) 44 (48 %) 14 (34 %)  
 Mother “don’t know” 55 (39 %) 43 (42 %) 12 (29 %)  
 General health perception 3.8 (0.9) 3.6 (0.9) 4.1 (0.9) .011
Physical activity habits     
 Physical activity level in leisure (number/day) 2.3 (2.0) 2.0 (2.0) 2.9 (1.8) .013
 Physical activity level in leisure (hours/day) 2.7 (1.5) 2.4 (1.4) 3.5 (1.7) .001
 Like PE 4.3 (2.0) 3.8 (1.9) 5.4 (1.7) < .001
 Screen time (hours) 4.9 (1.5) 5.1 (1.3) 4.2 (1.7) .005
 Grade; PE 3.3 (1.6) 3.1 (1.5) 3.8 (1.7) .035
 Stage of change 3.0 (1.3) 2.8 (1.2) 3.7 (1.4) < .001
  1. Continuous variables are expressed as mean and standard deviation (SD). Categorical variables are expressed as number and percentage (%). In the group comparison, independent sample t-tests were used for continuous variables and chi-squared tests were used for categorical variables. Bold numbers indicate p<0.05
  2. aAge is non-normal in distribution, and is expressed as mean and standard deviation (SD); in the group comparisons, Mann–Whitney U tests were used
  3. bVocational programs: Three students did not report which program they attended (missing data)
  4. cEducational level father/mother presented as number and percentage (%) with education level above/under 13 years; don’t know signifies the students who were unsure of parents’ education levels