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Table 3 Neonatal mortality rate (NMR) and coverage of NMR-related interventions in Peru by area of residence and wealth quintile over time

From: Examining national and district-level trends in neonatal health in Peru through an equity lens: a success story driven by political will and societal advocacy

  Urban 95 % CI P-value Rural 95 % CI P-value Poorest quintile 95 % CI P-value Richest quintile 95 % CI P-value
  Coverage in 2000 (%) 90.9 90.1 91.8   81.6 79.9 83.3   75.4 73.0 77.7   93.1 91.6 94.7  
FPS Annual rate of increase (%)a 0.04 −0.06 0.14 NS 0.5 0.3 0.7 <0.001 0.9 0.6 1.2 <0.001 0.1 −0.08 0.3 NS
Coverage in 2013 (%) 89.7 88.6 90.6   88.2 87.0 89.3   85.5 83.9 87.0   92.2 89.6 94.2  
Coverage in 2000 (%) 81.1 79.5 82.7   50.9 48.1 53.8   42.9 39.8 45.9   93.3 91.2 95.4  
ANC Annual rate of increase (%)a 0.9 0.8 1.1 <0.001 2.5 2.2 2.9 <0.001 3.9 3.4 4.4 <0.001 0.4 0.2 0.6 <0.001
Coverage in 2013 (%) 96.6 95.9 97.2   91.5 89.9 92.8   89.1 87.1 90.9   98.3 96.1 99.3  
Coverage in 2000 (%) 85.0 83.3 86.8   28.7 26.1 31.3   20.1 17.9 22.3   98.4 97.4 99.4  
SBA Annual rate of increase (%)a 0.8 0.7 1.0 <0.001 6.9 6.0 7.8 <0.001 9.6 8.5 10.7 <0.001 −0.05 −0.01 −0.08 0.002
Coverage in 2013 (%) 97.3 96.4 96.4   71.3 67.1 75.3   65.6 61.1 69.9   99.7 99.0 99.9  
Rate in 2000 (deaths/1,000) 15.1 12.4 17.9   31.0 27.6 34.4   30.9 26.7 35.2   9.8 4.0 15.5  
NMR Annual rate of reduction (%)a 3.2 1.1 5.2 0.001 6.6 5.2 8.0 <0.001 5.9 4.2 7.6 <0.001 0.9 −6.0 7.3 NS
Rate in 2013 (deaths/1,000) 11.4 8.3 14.5   13.3 10.4 16.1   14.7 11.1 18.2   7.6 1.3 14.0  
  1. FPS family planning needs satisfied, ANC at least 4 antenatal care visits, SBA Skilled birth attendance
  2. aTaking into account all Demographic and Health Surveys from 2000 to 2013