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Table 3 Perceptions of family functioning, family communication, family type and parenting style among children and parents

From: Relationship between body mass index and family functioning, family communication, family type and parenting style among African migrant parents and children in Victoria, Australia: a parent-child dyad study

  Children Parents P-values
N % 95 % CI N % 95 % CI
Family functioning χ2 = 1.865, p = 0.172
 Well-functioning 105 38.5 32.8, 44.4 119 44.2 38.4, 50.3  
 Poorly functioning 168 61.5 55.6, 67.2 150 56.8 49.7, 61.6  
 Mean (SD) 273 2.05(0.49) 1.99, 2.10 269 1.97 (0.45) 1.92, 2.02 0.0612
Family communication
 Conformity orientation (Mean (SD)) 284 31.51 (5.30) 30.9, 32.1 284 31.49 (5.69) 30.8, 32.2 0.970
 Conversation orientation (Mean (SD)) 284 37.56 (7.76) 36.7, 38.5 284 40.66 (7.05) 39.8, 41.5 <0.001
Family type χ2 = 26.90, p < 0.001
 Laissez-faire 66 23.2 18.7, 28.5 54 19.0 14.8, 24.0  
 Pluralist 57 20.1 15.8, 25.2 81 28.5 23.5, 34.1  
 Consensual 79 27.8 22.9, 33.4 111 39.1 33.5, 44.9  
 Protective 82 28.9 23.9, 34.5 38 13.4 9.9, 17.9  
Parenting style χ2 = 10.50, p < 0.05
 Authoritarian 85 30.5 25.3, 36.2 74 26.6 21.7, 32.2  
 Authoritative 144 51.6 45.7, 57.5 176 63.3 57.5, 68.8  
 Permissive 42 15.1 11.3, 19.8 22 7.9 5.3, 11.8  
 Unengaged 8 2.9 1.4, 5.7 6 2.2 1.0, 4.7