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Table 2 Age-standardized means of risk factors, SCORE values, and prevalence of risk factors in women

From: Trends in major risk factors and mortality from main non-communicable diseases in Lithuania, 1985–2013

Mean levels and prevalence of factors 1986–1987 1992–1993 1999–2002 2006–2008 P ANOVA
n = 1437 n = 1055 n = 1343 n = 1919
Mean systolic BP, mmHg 142.3 (22.7) 142.5 (25.2) 137.7*, *** (22.6) 139.8*, **, *** (23.0) <0.001
Mean BMI, kg/m2 30.4 (5.24) 29.0*(5.25) 29.3*(5.82) 28.7*, *** (5.91) <0.001
Mean total cholesterol, mmol/L 6.42 (1.21) 6.21*(1.33) 6.04*, *** (1.38) 5.68*, **, *** (1.16) <0.001
Mean LDL cholesterol, mmol/L 4.35 (1.10) 4.26 (1.24) 3.82*, *** (1.34) 3.46*, **, *** (1.06) <0.001
Mean HDL cholesterol, mmol/L 1.45 (0.46) 1.44 (0.43) 1.55*, *** (0.39) 1.54*, ** (0.39) <0.001
Mean triglycerides, mmol/L 1.34 (0.64) 1.27 (0.70) 1.51*, *** (0.84) 1.59*, **, *** (0.83) <0.001
Mean SCOREa value, % 1.45 (1.88) 1.34 (1.73) 1.35 (1.79) 1.66*, **, *** (1.91) <0.001
      P from chi squared
Arterial hypertension, % 59.1 59.5 50.0*, *** 58.9*** <0.001
Regular smoking, % 2.6 3.2 9.0*, *** 15.7*, **, *** <0.001
Total cholesterol ≥5.0 mmol/L, % 89.8 83.5* 77.0*, *** 72.2*, **, *** <0.001
LDL cholesterol ≥3.0 mmol/L, % 89.4 86.9 71.5*, *** 65.4*, **, *** <0.001
HDL cholesterol <1.2 mmol/L, % 30.5 30.7 17.1*, *** 18.2*, *** <0.001
Triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/L, % 21.0 19.8 29.0*, *** 37.2*, **, *** <0.001
Normal weight, BMI <25.0 kg/ m2, % 14.4 24.3* 24.2* 29.1*, **, ***  
Overweight, BMI 25.0–29.9 kg/m2, % 35.2 38.5 34.7 35.1 <0.001
Obesity, BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2, % 50.4 37.2* 41.1* 35.8*, ***
SCOREa (%):
 0 % 32.0 33.4 34.9 28.6*** 0.008
 1–4 % 60.6 59.7 58.8 62.7
 5–9 % 6.4 6.3 5.7 8.1
 ≥10 % 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.6
  1. Abbreviations: CVD, cardiovascular disease, BMI body mass index, BP blood pressure, SD standard deviation, HDL high-density lipoproteins, LDL low-density lipoproteins, SCORE Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation
  2. *p < 0.05 compared to 1986–1987, Bonferroni test
  3. **p < 0.05 compared to 1992–1993, Bonferroni test
  4. ***p < 0.05 compared to 1999–2002, Bonferroni test
  5. awithout CVD, other risk factors presented for all participants