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Table 1 Age-standardized means of risk factors, SCORE values, and prevalence of risk factors in men

From: Trends in major risk factors and mortality from main non-communicable diseases in Lithuania, 1985–2013

Mean values and prevalence 1986–1987 1992–1993 1999–2002 2006–2008 P ANOVA
n = 1391 n = 953 n = 1096 n = 1525
Mean systolic BP, mmHg 141.8 (20.4) 142.5 (22.2) 140.6 (21.7) 145.5*, **, *** (22.2) <0.001
Mean BMI, kg/m2 27.6 (3.92) 27.1 (4.10) 27.7** (4.64) 28.1*, ** (5.13) <0.001
Mean total cholesterol, mmol/L 6.12 (1.12) 6.03 (1.23) 5.93* (1.32) 5.62*, **, *** (1.11) <0.001
Mean LDL cholesterol, mmol/L 4.19 (1.13) 4.04* (1.10) 3.77*, ** (1.30) 3.51*, **, *** (1.03) <0.001
Mean HDL cholesterol, mmol/L 1.29 (0.45) 1.32 (0.44) 1.41*, ** (0.42) 1.37* (0.42) <0.001
Mean triglycerides, mmol/L 1.43 (0.82) 1.46 (1.04) 1.66*, ** (1.01) 1.81*, **, *** (1.12) <0.001
Mean SCOREa value, % 4.75 (4.86) 4.75 (4.94) 4.61 (4.89) 5.25*** (5.36) 0.005
      P from chi squared
Arterial hypertension, % 62.7 63.2 61.7 74.0*, **, *** <0.001
Regular smoking, % 36.5 34.2 39.4 44.6*, **, *** <0.001
Total cholesterol ≥5.0 mmol/L, % 85.7 78.9* 76.1* 70.2*, **, *** <0.001
LDL cholesterol ≥3.0 mmol/L, % 86.1 83.9 70.4*, ** 68.2*, ** <0.001
HDL cholesterol <1.0 mmol/L, % 27.9 23.6 14.9*, ** 15.0*, ** <0.001
Triglycerides ≥1.7 mmol/L, % 24.8 25.5 36.3*, ** 44.6*, **, *** <0.001
Normal weight, BMI <25.0 kg/m2, % 25.8 32.6* 28.4 29.0  
Overweight, BMI 25.0–29.9 kg/m2, % 49.0 46.8 44.9 40.6*, ** <0.001
Obesity, BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2, % 25.2 20.6 26.7** 30.5*, **
SCOREa (%):
 0 % 7.4 6.7 8.0 8.8 0.001
 1–4 % 54.2 53.9 56.0 47.2*, **, ***
 5–9 % 25.3 27.3 23.4 28.7***
 ≥10 % 13.1 12.2 12.6 15.3
  1. Abbreviations: CVD cardiovascular disease, BMI body mass index, BP blood pressure, SD standard deviation, HDL high-density lipoproteins, LDL low-density lipoproteins, SCORE Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation
  2. *p < 0.05 compared to 1986–1987, Bonferroni test
  3. **p < 0.05 compared to 1992–1993, Bonferroni test
  4. ***p < 0.05 compared to 1999–2002, Bonferroni test
  5. awithout CVD, other risk factors presented for all participants