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Table 1 Data sources and descriptive statistics of differences between adjacent counties

From: Explaining large mortality differences between adjacent counties: a cross-sectional study

Variablea Data source Mean SD Absolute maximum Absolute mean
ΔAge-adjusted mortality rate   −3.27 95.50 258.80 75.59
Predisposing factors      
 ΔAfrican Americans (%) Census 2000 −0.61 5.73 49.90 2.81
Access      
 ΔPreventable hospitalization rateb MICA 2005-2009 −0.37 6.89 47.77 4.52
 ΔPopulation without health insurance (%) MCLS 2007 −0.25 7.21 23.90 5.56
 ΔPopulation unable to obtain medical care because of cost (%) MCLS 2007 0.13 3.68 12.00 2.97
Use of health services      
 ΔEmergency department visits rateb MICA 2005-2009 −0.04 1.33 4.56 1.07
 ΔHospital discharge rateb MICA 2005-2009 0.16 25.55 101.27 18.56
Health behavior      
 ΔPopulation currently smoking (%) MCLS 2007 −0.35 6.09 21.30 4.86
 ΔPopulation without leisure-time physical activity (%) MCLS 2007 −0.31 5.60 15.10 4.50
Need      
 ΔPopulation in fair or poor health (%) MCLS 2007 −0.50 4.91 18.40 3.78
 ΔPopulation overweight or obese (%) MCLS 2007 0.05 5.20 17.80 4.09
 ΔPopulation with high blood pressure (%) MCLS 2007 0.08 3.99 11.90 3.18
 ΔPopulation with diabetes (%) MCLS 2007 0.13 2.47 6.60 1.98
Enabling      
 ΔPopulation below federal poverty level (%) Census 2000 −0.30 4.15 15.95 3.31
  1. Abbreviations: MCLS Missouri County-Level Survey, MICA Missouri Information for Community Assessment, SD standard deviation
  2. aΔsignifies the difference between adjacent counties
  3. bper 100,000 population