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Table 1 Demographics and patient characteristics for 1889 Indigenous patients admitted 2000-2013

From: Human T-Lymphotropic Virus type 1 infection in an Indigenous Australian population: epidemiological insights from a hospital-based cohort study

  No HTLV-1 (N = 1,254) HTLV-1 (N = 635) p-value
Age, years (±SD) 40.9 ± 17.3 47.4 ± 13.8 <0.001
Gender, n (%)
 Female 670 (53.4) 327 (51.5)  
 Male 584 (46.6) 308 (48.5) 0.43
Residence, n (%)
 Remotea 652 (52.0) 389 (61.3) <0.001
 Town Campb 193 (15.4) 131 (20.6)  
 Urbanc 206 (16.4) 70 (11.0)  
 Nursing Home 42 (3.4) 22 (3.5)  
 Tennant Creek 132 (10.5) 13 (2.0)  
 Outside regiond 23 (1.8) 9 (1.4)  
 Missinge 6 (0.5) 1 (0.2)  
Sexually Transmitted Infectionsf, n (%)
 Syphilis 198 (38.6) 167 (59.4) <0.001
 Tested 513 281  
 Gonorrhea 78 (18.9) 40 (15.9) 0.33
 Tested 413 251  
 Chlamydia 51 (12.7) 24 (10.0) 0.31
 Tested 401 240  
Died, n (%) 270 (21.5) 163 (25.7) 0.04
Age at death, years (±SD) 53.0 ± 14.0 54.7 ± 13.3 0.21
Length of follow-up, years (±SD) 4.2 ± 2.9 4.6 ± 2.9 <0.001
  1. aResidence in a remote community >80 km from Alice Springs, but not in the township of Tennant Creek
  2. bResidence in a town camp in the Alice Springs township
  3. cResidence in the Alice Springs township, but not in a town camp
  4. dResidence outside the combined areas of central Australia and the adjacent Aboriginal lands of South Australia and Western Australia
  5. ePlace of residence could not be ascertained
  6. fAny positive test during the study period among subjects aged 15–45 years who were tested