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Table 4 Precarious employment in 1999/2000 or 2005 and mental health at follow-up. Age-adjusted incidence rate ratios with 95 % confidence intervals of poor mental health, defined as ‘GHQ-caseness’ in 2010, in relation to precarious employment in 1999/2000 or 2005, with forward stepwise addition of potential confounding factors, calculated in a cohort of 347 men and 439 women from the Scania Public Health Cohort who were 18–34 years old and mentally healthy at baseline

From: Precarious employment is a risk factor for poor mental health in young individuals in Sweden: a cohort study with multiple follow-ups

   Model 1 (age-adjusted) Model 2 = Model 1 Model 3 = Model 2 Model 4 = Model 3 Model 5 = Model 4
+ + + +
Gender Low emotional and/or low instrumental support Low social participation & neighbourhood anchorage Economic difficulties in childhood
Precarious employment 1999/2000 – 2005 Yes vs no 1.6 1.2 – 2.2 1.6 1.2 – 2.1 1.5 1.1 – 2.1 1.5 1.1 – 2.0 1.4 1.1 – 2.0
Gender Male vs female    1.3 0.99 – 1.8 1.4 1.03 – 1.9 1.4 1.02 – 1.9 1.4 1.01 – 1.8
Low emotional and/or low instrumental support Yes vs no      1.3 0.9 – 1.7 1.1 0.8 – 1.6 1.1 0.8 – 1.5
Low social participation Yes vs no        1.5 1.1 – 2.1 1.5 1.1 – 2.1
Low social anchorage with neighbourhood Yes vs no        1.3 0.9 – 1.7 1.3 0.9 – 1.7
Economic difficulties in childhood Yes vs no          1.2 0.9 – 1.7