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Table 5 Associations between physical activity levels and waist z-scores in rural South Asian children aged 5–14 years

From: Prevalence and correlates of achieving recommended physical activity levels among children living in rural South Asia—A multi-centre study

Type of physical activity Age and sex adjusteda β-coefficient (95 % CI) Multivariate-adjustedb β-coefficient (95 % CI)
Mode of travel
 Motorized transport 0.00 (ref) 0.00 (ref)
 Active transport −0.7 (−1.6, 0.2) −0.4 (−1.5, 0.6)
p-value 0.15 0.37
Leisure-time physical activity
  < 1 h/day 0.00 (ref) 0.00 (ref)
  ≥ 1 h/day 0.2 (−0.8, 1.2) −0.1 (−1.2, 1.1)
p-value 0.70 0.86
Sedentary activity
  > 2 h/day 0.00 (ref) 0.00 (ref)
  ≤ 2 h/day −0.5 (−1.4, 0.4) −1.1 (−2.2, −0.07)
p-value 0.28 0.03
  1. aThe outcome waist-z- score is adjusted for age and sex
  2. bAdjusted for site, SES (tertiles), Highest household education in categories, processed food consumption as binary, fruit-vegetable consumption as binary, leisure-time physical activity as binary (for mode of travel and sedentary activity), active mode of travel as binary (for leisure-time physical activity and sedentary activity) and sedentary activity as binary (for leisure-time physical activity and active mode of travel)