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Table 1 Socio-demographic, physical activity, diet and anthropometric profile of rural South Asian children aged 5–14 years

From: Prevalence and correlates of achieving recommended physical activity levels among children living in rural South Asia—A multi-centre study

Mean(SD)/% Chennai
n = 146 (25.9 %)
Goa
n = 218 (38.6 %)
Matlab
n = 200 (35.5 %)
p-valuea Total n = 564
Age group (years)
 5-9 years 42.4 46.3 45.0 0.7 44.8
 10–14 years 57.5 53.6 55.0 55.1
Sex
 % Boys 52.7 56.8 45.0 0.05 51.6
Highest household education status
 0–5 years of education 22.4 26.4 34.0   28.1
 6 to 12 years of education 66.4 61.1 51.5 <0.0001 59.0
 Graduate/Post graduate 11.2 12.5 14.5   12.8
Socio-economic statusb(SES)
 Low 45.9 11.2 34.9   28.7
 Medium 41.6 29.1 36.1 <0.0001 34.9
 High 12.4 59.7 28.9   36.5
Mode of transport to school
 Active transport (walk/bicycle) 69.2 69.4 62.0   66.7
 Motorized transport (car, bus, auto, two-wheeler) 30.8 30.6 38.0 0.1 33.3
Leisure-time physical activity
  < 1 h/day 40.1 21.2 19.8   25.4
 1–2 h/day 52.2 46.9 43.1   46.8
 2.1–4 h/day 6.8 29.2 31.9 <0.0001 24.6
 4.1–6 h/day 0.7 1.5 5.0   2.6
  > 6 h/day 0.0 1.0 0.0   0.3
Sedentary activity
  < 1 h/day 17.2 19.2 11.5   15.9
 1–2 h/day 47.5 48.0 25.5 <0.0001 39.7
 2.1–4 h/day 33.7 29.8 43.0   35.6
 4.1–6 h/day 0.6 2.8 17.0   7.4
  > 6 h/day 0.6 0.0 3.0   1.2
Fruit vegetable intake
  < 5servings/day 95.7 94.5 75.0 <0.0001 87.8
  ≥ 5servings/day 4.3 5.5 25.0 12.2
Processed food intake
  < 1serving/day 65.1 89.9 56.0 <0.0001 71.5
  ≥ 1servings/day 34.9 10.1 44.0 28.5
Crude waist circumference (cm) 53.4(7.0) 56.1(7.6) 54.6(5.4) 0.001 54.8(6.8)
Waist-z- scores −1.4(5.1) 1.3(6.3) −0.3 (4.3) <0.0001 0.03(5.4)
Crude BMI 14.7(2.1) 14.9(2.4) 14.7(1.7) 0.40 14.8(2.1)
BMI- z- scores −1.4(1.1) −1.3(1.3) −1.3(0.9) 0.40 −1.3(1.1)
  1. aTest of significance for the difference among sites by chi-square test for categorical data and ANOVA for continuous data
  2. bSES based on tertiles from total monthly expenditures for Indian sites and total household asset score for Matlab, Bangladesh