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Table 3 Association between the gender gap in three self-reported health measures and determinants, World Health Survey 59 countries (coefficients with p-value of t-test shown)

From: A global assessment of the gender gap in self-reported health with survey data from 59 countries

  Bivariate Multivariate
A Domain poor-health score
 Employment gap .0010 (.090) .0174 (.012)
 Education gap .0132 (.100) a
 Life expectancy gap −.0066 (0.09) a
 Depression gap .0128 (<.001) .0115 (<.001)
 Arthritis gap .0115 (.006) .0084 (.033)
B Overall Self-rated health
 Gender inequality index .0581 (.020) a
 High income countries −.3350 (.027) a
 Islamic country .1823 (.098) a
 Employment gap .0059 (.007) .0058 (.008)
 Depression gap .0310 (.026) a
 Arthritis gap .0604 (.001) .0051 (.008)
C Daily Activity limitations
 Depression gap .0858 (.003) a
 Arthritis gap .1180 (.001) .0384 (.015)
 Angina gap .1010 (.001) a
 Diabetes gap −.1575 (.013) a
  1. Bivariate regression column only includes variables with an association significant at the 10 % level; Multi-variate regression model only includes variables remaining significant at the 10 % level in a stepwise regression; (a) means removed from model because p > .10; Model A: r2 = 0.37; model B: r2 = 0.30; model C: : r2 = 0.12