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Table 2 Excess fraction women over men by health domains and algorithm-based diagnoses, by region, World Health Survey 2002–04

From: A global assessment of the gender gap in self-reported health with survey data from 59 countries

  Prevalence (%)   Excess (%)a  
Women Men Total Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America Europe, high income Eastern Europe South Asia Other
Domains
 Mobility 23.7 15.4 35 35 44 19 26 35 41
 Self-care 3.9 2.7 31 24 12 17 30 30 53
 Pain 14.6 9.5 35 27 43 35 31 41 45
 Cognition 10.5 7.0 33 27 45 14 22 36 46
 Relationships 5.5 3.9 28 20 36 2 27 32 41
 Vision 8.6 6.4 25 19 27 49 28 23 41
 Sleep 12.5 8.1 35 26 46 49 31 41 39
 Affect 15.2 11.1 27 26 43 59 43 13 19
Diseases based on algorithms
 Angina 12.9 8.7 33 36 42 15 37 26 33
 Arthritis 9.2 6.3 32 21 42 24 35 33 36
 Asthma 7.4 6.8 8 18 25 0 1 1 0
 Depression 8.2 4.8 42 32 54 55 55 34 39
 Diabetesa 3.8 3.3 14 16 30 −12 10 1 21
  1. aExcess is the female excess fraction; for domains of health a score combining the two questions in each domain (see Additional file 1) was used; all female-male differences are statistically significant at the 1 % level; all figures are weighted and age-standardized