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Table 1 Prevalence of chronic pain, crude odd ratios and odd ratios adjusted for gender and age according to different demographic factors

From: The epidemiology of chronic pain in Libya: a cross-sectional telephone survey

  N (%) *Reference group No Pain Pain Prevalence of chronic Pain % (95 % CI) Crude OR (95 % CI) P Adjusted OR (95 % CI) P
Gender
 Male 550 (45 · 4)* 472 78 14 (11 · 1–16 · 9)     
 Female 662 (54 · 6) 502 160 24 (20 · 7–27 · 2) 1 · 9 (1 · 4–2 · 6) <0 · 001 1 · 9 (1 · 4–2 · 7) 0 · 000
Age(years)
 ≤ 30 431 (35 · 6)* 384 47 10 · 9 (8 · 0–13 · 8)     
 31–40 373 (30 · 8) 329 44 11 · 8 (8 · 5–15 · 1) 1 · 1 (0 · 7–1 · 7) 0 · 691 0 · 9 (0 · 6–1 · 5) 0 · 706
 41–50 183 (15 · 1) 125 58 31 · 7 (25 · 0–38 · 4) 3 · 8 (2 · 4–5 · 8) <0 · 001 3 · 3 (2 · 1–4 · 5) 0 · 000
 51–60 149 (12 · 3) 86 63 42 · 3 (34 · 4–50 · 2) 6 · 0 (3 · 8–9 · 3) <0 · 001 5 · 1 (3 · 1–8 · 4) 0 · 000
 61–70 61 (5 · 0) 47 14 22 · 9 (12 · 4–33 · 4) 2 · 4 (1 · 2–4 · 7) 0 · 009 2 · 4 (1 · 1–5 · 0) 0 · 021
 ≥ 71 15 (1 · 2) 3 12 80 · 0 (59 · 8–100 · 0) 32 · 6 (8 · 9–120 · 0) <0 · 001 69 · 0 (14 · 0–339 · 9) 0 · 000
Marital status
 Single 450 (37 · 1)* 397 53 11 · 8 (8 · 8–14 · 8)     
 Married 669 (55 · 2) 523 176 26 · 3 (23 · 0–29 · 6) 2 · 5 (1 · 8–3 · 5) <0 · 001 1 · 3 (0 · 9–2 · 1) 0 · 173
 Divorced 36 (3 · 0) 31 5 13 · 9 (2 · 6–25 · 2) 1 · 2 (0 · 4–3 · 2) 0 · 707 0 · 5 (0 · 2–1 · 5) 0 · 214
 Widowed 57 (4 · 7) 53 4 7 · 2 (0 · 5–13 · 9) 0 · 6 (0 · 19–1 · 6) 0 · 290 0 · 1 (0 · 0–0 · 4) 0 · 002
Employment status
 Employed full-time 296 (24 · 4)* 250 46 15 · 5 (11 · 4–19 · 6)     
 Employed part-time 322 (26 · 6) 275 47 14 · 6 (10 · 7–18 · 5) 0 · 9 (0 · 6–1 · 4) 0 · 743 1 · 2 (0 · 8–2 · 0) 0 · 407
 Retired 78 (6 · 4) 53 25 32 · 1 (21 · 7–42 · 5) 2 · 6 (1 · 4–4 · 5) 0 · 001 1 · 2 (0 · 6–2 · 3) 0 · 603
 Not employed 317 (26 · 2) 216 101 31 · 9 (26 · 8–37 · 1) 2 · 5 (1 · 7–3 · 8) <0 · 001 2 · 3 (1 · 4–3 · 5) 0 · 000
 Student 144 (11 · 9) 127 17 11 · 8 (6 · 5–17 · 1) 0 · 7 (0 · 4–1 · 3) 0 · 029 1 · 1 (0 · 5–2 · 2) 0 · 817
 Temporary out of work 55 (4 · 6) 53 2 3 · 6 (1 · 3–8 · 5) 0 · 2 (0 · 0–0 · 9) 0 · 032 0 · 2 (0 · 0–1 · 1) 0 · 063
 Total 1212 974 238 19 · 6 (14 · 6–24 · 6)     
  1. *Reference group