Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample stratified for lower limb osteoarthritisa

From: The association of the neighbourhood built environment with objectively measured physical activity in older adults with and without lower limb osteoarthritis

  All participants (n = 247) Participants with LLOA (n = 41) Participants without LLOA (n = 206) p-valueb
  n   n   n   
Characteristics
Age in years (Mean (SD)) 247 74.8 (5.6) 41 74.6 (5.3) 206 74.8 (5.6) 0.86
Sex (female) (n (%)) 247 124 (50.2) 41 29 (70.7) 206 95 (46.1) <0.01
Partner status (yes) (n (%)) 247 158 (64.0) 41 22 (53.7) 206 136 (66.0) 0.13
Education (≥ secondary education) (n (%)) 247 195 (78.9) 41 29 (70.7) 206 166 (80.6) 0.16
Urbanization grade (n (%)) 247   41   206   0.03
 Rural   53 (21.5)   7 (17.1)   46 (22.3)  
 Intermediate urban   18 (7.3)   7 (17.1)   11 (5.3)  
 Urban   176 (71.3)   27 (65.8)   149 (72.4)  
Body Mass Index in kg/m2 (Mean (SD)) 244 27.3 (4.3) 41 29.3 (5.6) 203 26.9 (3.9) 0.01
Number of chronic diseases (n (%)) 247   41   206   <0.01
 0   99 (40.1)   8 (19.5)   91 (44.2)  
 1   87 (35.2)   16 (39.0)   71 (34.5)  
  ≥ 2   61 (24.7)   17 (41.5)   44 (21.4)  
Functional limitations (0–100) (median (IQR)) 232 3.1 (0.0–18.8) 36 34.9 (19.1–48.5) 196 1.5 (0.0–9.4) <0.001
Anxiety (n (%)) 234 20 (8.5) 37 5 (13.5) 197 15 (7.6) 0.24
Depression (n (%)) 234 21 (9.0) 37 5 (13.5) 197 16 (8.1) 0.29
  1. a Abbreviations: SD Standard deviation, IQR Interquartile range, LLOA Lower limb osteoarthritis, n Number
  2. b p-value of observed differences between groups with and without LLOA