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Table 5 The association of BMI trajectories, birth weight and height and blood pressure at 18 years for boys

From: Childhood adiposity trajectories are associated with late adolescent blood pressure: birth to twenty cohort

  Unadjusted Adjusted
SBP (mm Hg)   
 BMI Trajectory   
 Normal Weight Reference Reference
 Early Onset Overweight to Normal Weight 3.23 (−0.08 to 6.54)a 2.85 (−0.43 to 6.13)
 Early Onset Overweight to Obese 13.46 (6.75 to 20.17)** 13.45 (6.82 to 20.07)**
 Birth Weight (kg)   −1.35 (−2.85 to 0.14)
 Height (cm) at 18 years   0.27 (0.15 to 0.38)**
 R2 0.02 0.05
DBP (mm Hg)   
 BMI Trajectory   
 Normal Weight Reference Reference
 Early Onset Overweight to Normal Weight 0.95 (−1.69 to 3.59) 0.844 (−1.80 to 3.49)
 Early Onset Overweight to Obese 5.77 (0.41 to 11.13) 5.74 (0.39 to 11.10)*
 Birth Weight (kg)   −0.53 (−1.7 to 0.68)
 Height (cm) at 18 years   0.07 (−0.2 to 0.17)
 R2 0.01 0.01
MAP (mm Hg)   
 BMI Trajectory   
 Normal Weight Reference Reference
 Early Onset Overweight to Normal Weight 1.71 (−0.77 to 4.19)a 1.51 (−0.96 to 3.99)
 Early Onset Overweight to Obese 8.33 (3.3 to 13.37)*** 8.31 (3.30 to 13.32)***
 Birth Weight (kg)   −0.80 (−1.93 to 0.33)
 Height (cm) at 18 years   0.14 (0.05 to 0.22)**
 R2 0.02 0.03
Elevated BP at 18 years (Normal BP-reference) OR OR
 BMI Trajectory   
 Normal Weight Reference Reference
 Early Onset Overweight to Normal Weight 1.38 (0.74 to 2.55) 1.34(0.72 to 2.50)
 Early Onset Overweight to Obese 2.38 (0.66 to 8.49) 2.39 (0.67 to 8.57)
 Birth Weight (kg)   0.89 (0.66 to 1.18)
 Height (cm) at 18 years   1.02 (1.00 to 1.05)*
 Pseudo R2 0.003 0.01
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, MAP mean arterial pressure; OR odds ratio
  2. Adjusted for birth weight and height at 18 years
  3. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001
  4. aIntercept (MAP), OR (elevated BP) and 95 % Confidence Interval are presented