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Table 4 The association of BMI trajectories, birth weight and height and blood pressure at 18 years for girls

From: Childhood adiposity trajectories are associated with late adolescent blood pressure: birth to twenty cohort

  Unadjusted Adjusted
SBP (mm Hg)   
 BMI Trajectory   
 Normal Weight Reference Reference
 Late Onset Overweight 1.77 (−0.38 to 3.93)a 2.07 (−0.08 to 4.21)
 Early Onset Obese to Overweight 3.66 (0.50 to 6.82)* 4.18 (1.03 to 7.33)**
 Early Onset Obese to Morbidity Obese 5.87 (2.71 to 9.03)** 6.08 (2.93 to 9.23)**
 Birth Weight (kg)   −0.61 (−1.99 to 0.78)
 Height (cm) at 18 years   0.22 (0.11 to 0.34)**
 R2 0.02 0.04
DBP (mm Hg)   
 BMI Trajectory   
 Normal Weight Reference Reference
 Late Onset Overweight 1.33 (−0.57 to 3.22) 1.40 (−0.50 to 3.30)
 Early Onset Obese to Overweight 4.29 (1.52 to 7.07)** 4.44 (1.65 to 7.22)**
 Early Onset Obese to Morbidity Obese 4.25 (1.48 to 7.03)** 4.28 (1.50 to 7.07)**
 Birth Weight (kg)   −0.05 (−1.27 to 1.18)
 Height (cm) at 18 years   0.06 (−0.04 to 0.16)
 R2 0.02 0.02
MAP (mm Hg)   
 BMI Trajectory   
 Normal Weight Reference Reference
 Late Onset Overweight 1.47 (−0.33 to 3.28)a 1.62 (−0.19 to 3.43)
 Early Onset Obese to Overweight 4.08 (1.43 to 6.73)*** 4.35 (1.70 to 7.01)***
 Early Onset Obese to Morbidity Obese 4.79 (2.14 to 7.44)*** 4.88 (2.23 to 7.54)***
 Birth Weight (kg)   −0.23 (−1.40 to 0.93)
 Height (cm) at 18 years   0.12 (0.02 to 0.21)*
 R2 0.03 0.03
Elevated BP at 18 years (Normal BP-reference) OR OR
 BMI Trajectory   
 Normal Weight Reference Reference
 Late Onset Overweight 1.13 (0.70 to 1.82) 1.14 (0.71 to 1.84)
 Early Onset Obese to Overweight 1.93 (1.00 to 3.72)* 1.95 (1.01 to 3.77)*
 Early Onset Obese to Morbidity Obese 2.15 (1.11 to 4.12)* 2.18 (1.31 to 4.20)*
 Birth Weight (kg)   0.93 (0.67 to 1.27)
 Height (cm) at 18 years   1.01 (0.98 to 1.03)
 Pseudo R2 0.01 0.01
  1. SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, MAP mean arterial pressure, OR odds ratio
  2. Adjusted for birth weight and height at 18 years
  3. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001
  4. aIntercept (MAP), OR (elevated BP) and 95 % Confidence Interval are presented