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Table 2 Sample characteristics, claim factors, health and work status

From: Differences in perceived fairness and health outcomes in two injury compensation systems: a comparative study

Demographic variables NSW (n = 98) VIC (n = 84) χ2 or t (df) p
N (%), M (SD) N (%), M (SD)
 Age 54.59 (14.36) 45.79 (16.27) 3.88 (180) < .001
 Gender (male) 52/98 (53 %) 58/84 (69 %) 4.84 .028
 Country of birth (Australia) 67/98 (68 %) 61/84 (73 %) 0.39 .531
 Socio-economic status (high) 46/98 (47 %) 51/84 (61 %) 3.45 .063
 Education (high) 25/98 (26 %) 26/83 (31 %) 0.75 .386
 Marital status (married) 54/98 (55 %) 44/82 (54 %) 0.04 .846
 Injury (whiplash/soft tissue) 39/98 (40 %) 15/84 (18 %) 10.43 .001
 Hospital (admitted) 43/98 (48 %) 54/84 (64 %) 7.57 .006
 Time since the accident (12 months) 54/98 (55 %) 41/84 (49 %) 0.72 .397
Claim factors
 Lawyer 66/98 (67 %) 11/84 (13 %) 54.54 < .001
 Medically assessed 53/98 (54 %) 8/83 (10 %) 39.73 < .001
 Number of assessments 1.66 (1.02) 2.29 (1.38) −1.47 (58) .148
Dispute process 2/98 (2 %) 1/84 (1 %) - -
 Claim status (settled/inactive) 25/98 (26 %) 38/84 (45 %) 7.78 .005
 Previous claim 31/98 (32 %) 13/84 (16 %) 6.44 .011
 Fault (at-fault) 0/98 (0 %) 14/79 (18 %) 18.86 < .001
Health and work status
Health
 Pre-injury (good-excellent) 88/96 (92 %) 81/83 (98 %) 2.96 .085
 Post-injury (good-excellent) 43/92 (47 %) 56/84 (67 %) 7.09 .008
Not working due to the accidenta 12/98 (12 %) 15/84 (18 %) 1.13 .288
  1. Notes. Socio-economic status (low = 1–5 versus high = 6–10), education (low-medium versus high; high is defined as undergraduate, bachelor and postgraduate), marital status (married/de facto versus single/divorced/separated), type of injury (whiplash/soft tissue injury versus other), at-fault (totally at fault versus not at all at fault/partially at fault), health (poor/fair versus good/very good/excellent)
  2. aat time of interview