Skip to main content

Table 7 Change in LLSI as a function of not affording a car and changes in LSI. Generalised mixed effects models

From: Material deprivation and health: a longitudinal study

  3a 3b 4a 4b
  LLSI LLSI LLSI LLSI
Variables Odds ratio (95 % CI) Odds ratio (95 % CI) Odds ratio (95 % CI) Odds ratio (95 % CI)
Transition into cannot afford a cara 1.372*** 1.303*** 1.428*** 1.377***
  (1.297–1.452) (1.228–1.383) (1.356–1.504) (1.304–1.455)
Covariates:     
Partnership, children, age, age squared No Yes No Yes
Longstanding illness (LSI) at t Yes Yes No No
Longstanding illness (LSI) at t-1 No No Yes Yes
Random-effects     
Level 3: Country 0.180 0.207 0.116 0.144
  (0.083–0.276) (0.095–0.319) (0.053–0.179) (0.066–0.221)
Level 2: Respondent 1.300 1.306 0.928 0.995
  (1.266–1.334) (1.270–1.342) (0.900–0.962) (0.962–1.028)
Number of observations 312,076 312,076 234,057 234,057
Number of respondents 78,019 78,019 78,019 78,019
Number of countries 27 27 27 27
  1. * = p < 0.10, ** = p < 0.05 & *** = p < 0.01
  2. aThe variable only includes the transition into not affording a car, not transition from not affording a car to affording a car. The variable is coded 1 the first year [t] a transition from “affording a car” or “do not have a car because of other reasons” [t-1] to “no cannot afford one” [t] is observed. All observations after the transition are coded 1 in order to avoid transition back to affording a car contributing to the estimates. All other observations are coded 0