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Table 5 Odds Ratiosa of poorer SRH for the environmental biomarker exposure domain

From: Factors associated with self-reported health: implications for screening level community-based health and environmental studies

  N Poorer SRHb Fair/Poor SRHc
OR (95 % CI) OR (95 % CI)
Does anyone smoke in the home? (y vs. n) 1369 1.54 (0.92,2.59) NS 1.40 (0.65,3.02) NS
Cotinine (ng/mL) 1372 1.12 (1.00,1.25) NS 1.04 (0.90,1.20) NS
Cadmium (μg/L) 1372 1.76 (1.14,2.74) * 2.65 (1.36,5.14) **
Lead (μg/dL) 1372 1.14 (0.99,1.30) NS 1.28 (1.03,1.58) *
Mercury, total (μg/L) 1372 0.91 (0.86,0.95) **** 0.75 (0.64,0.88) ***
Toluene (ng/mL) 1372 1.06 (1.03,1.10) *** 0.99 (0.89,1.11) NS
Benzene (ng/mL) 1372 0.41 (0.15,1.16) NS 0.59 (0.06,5.75) NS
Toluene (below DL vs. above DL) 1372 1.61 (0.76,3.41) NS 1.21 (0.53,2.77) NS
Benzene (below DL vs. above DL) 1372 1.11 (0.87,1.40) NS 0.92 (0.64,1.32) NS
Environmental Score 1d 1372     
 Pb & Cd > median vs. neither 374 1.37 (0.98,1.93) NS 3.47 (2.26,5.34) ****
 Pb or Cd > median vs. neither 581 1.01 (0.76,1.34) NS 1.87 (1.18,2.96) **
Environmental Score 2e 1372     
 Pb, Cd, & Hg > median vs. none 208 1.17 (0.80,1.71) NS 2.25 (1.28,3.96) **
 2 of Pb, Cd, or Hg > median vs. none 475 1.29 (0.81,2.04) NS 1.98 (1.06,3.68) *
 Pb, Cd, or Hg > median vs. none 445 1.20 (0.78,1.84) NS 1.68 (0.88,3.20) NS
Environmental Score 3f 1372     
 Benzene & Toluene > median vs. neither 400 1.22 (0.92,1.63) NS 1.21 (0.75,1.94) NS
 Benzene or Toluene > median vs. neither 452 1.20 (0.88,1.65) NS 1.05 (0.60,1.84) NS
  1. NS not significant; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001; ****p < 0.0001
  2. aOdds Ratios adjusted for age and sex
  3. bOR estimated with ordinal logistic regression of the 5 point response scale of excellent to poor self-reported health
  4. cOR estimated with logistic regression on a binary SRH outcome that collapses excellent, very good, and good into one category and fair and poor into a second category
  5. dPb and Cd (1 if > median of nonsmokers)
  6. ePb, Cd, and Hg (1 if > median of nonsmokers)
  7. fBenzene and toluene (1 if > median of nonsmokers)