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Table 2 Socio-demographic correlates of overweight and obesity among urban reproductive age women in Ethiopia, 2011 EDHS (NW=3602)

From: Overweight and obesity and its socio-demographic correlates among urban Ethiopian women: evidence from the 2011 EDHS

Variables Overweight and obesity Crude Odds Ratio (95 % CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95 % CI)
Yes (n, %) No (n, %)
Age Group§     
 15–19 44 (4.4) 952 (95.6) 1 1
 20–29 183 (12.7) 1255 (87.3) 3.2 (2.0, 5.0)* 2.3 (1.4, 3.9)*
 30–39 183 (23.4) 600 (76.6) 6.7 (4.3, 10.5)* 5.0 (2.9, 8.8)*
 40–49 124 (32.2) 261 (67.8) 10.3 (8.4, 16.6)* 9.8 (5.1, 13.8)*
Region of Residence     
 Tigray 24 (8.6) 256 (91.4) 1 1
 Three Metropolis 180 (20.3) 706 (79.7) 2.7 (1.4, 5.1)* 2.2 (1.2, 4.2)*
 Amhara 72 (8.1) 821 (91.9) 0.9 (0.4, 2.3). 0.9 (0.3, 2.4)
 Oromia 121 (14.1) 736 (85.9) 1.7 (0.8, 3.9) 1.5 (0.6, 3.2)
 SNNPR* 97 (20.3) 380 (79.7) 2.7 (1.2, 6.2)* 2.6 (1.2,5.8)*
 Others 40 (19.1) 169 (80.9) 2.5 (1.2, 5.3)* 2.5 (1.1, 5.4)*
Wealth Quintile     
 Poorest 84(10.5) 714 (89.5) 1 1
 Poorer 105 (15.6) 569 (84.4) 1.6 (1.0, 2.4) 1.1 (0.7,1.8)
 Middle 140 (19.7) 572 (80.3) 2.1 (1.2, 3.8)* 1.6 (0.9,2.9)
 Richer 66 (9.3) 643 (80.4) 0.9 (0,5, 1.6) 0.9 (0.5, 1.6)
 Richest 139 (19.6) 570 (83.9) 2.1 (1.3, 3.3)* 1.8 (1.1, 2.5)*
Educational Status     
 No formal education 103 (13.2) 678 (86.8) 1 1
 Primary (1–8th) 202 (13.1) 1340 (86.9) 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) 1.5 (1.0, 2.3)
 Secondary+ 229 (17.9) 1050 (82.1) 1.4(0.9, 2.2) 2.0 (1.3, 3.1)*
Parity     
 No child 143 (8.3) 1583 (91.7) 1 1
 1–4 children 312 (21.0) 1173 (79.0) 3.0 (2.1, 4.1)* 1.1 (0.7, 1.7)
 5+ children 79 (20.2) 312 (79.8) 2.8 (1.9, 4.2)* 0.7 (0.4,1.3)
Marital Status     
 Single 111 (7.3) 1412 (92.7) 1 1
 Married 351 (21.9) 1251 (78.1) 3.6 (2.5, 5.1)* 2.0 (1.2, 3.3)*
 Divorced/widowed 72 (15.1) 405 (84.9) 2.3 (1.5,3.5)* 1.2 (0.6, 2.3)
Occupational status     
 Not working 206 (13.7) 1303 (86.3) 1 1
 White- collar work 258 (17.8) 1192 (82.2) 1.4 (0.9,1.9) 1.0 (0.7, 1.4)
 Manual Work 68 (11.0) 551 (89.0) 0.8 (0.5, 1.3) 0.8 (0.5, 1.2)
  1. *SNNPR = Southern Nations and Nationalities and Peoples Region
  2. NW = Total weighted count excluding pregnant women and women with extreme BMI values (<12.00 kg /m2 and > 50.00 kg /m2)
  3. § = age classification used in EDHS reports (2005 and 2011) under maternal nutritional status section