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Table 2 Demographics, harms and influencing factors for low risk and hazardous drinkers at the two time periods

From: A cross sectional evaluation of an alcohol intervention targeting young university students

  T1 T2
  Low risk Hazardous Total P value Low risk Hazardous Total P value
N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)
Gender     0.000     0.000**
 Male 407 (53.1) 359 (46.9) 766   405 (57.5) 299 (42.5) 704 (37.3)  
 Female 823 (64.8) 447 (35.2) 1270   761 (65) 413 (35) 1174 (62.2)  
 Other 0 4 (100) 4   3 (37.5) 5 (62.5) 8 (0.4)  
 Total 1230 810 2040   1169 717 1886  
Age     0.528     0.004*
 18–20 years 606 (61) 388 (39) 994 (48.7)   563 (59) 391 (41) 954 (50.6)  
 21–24 years 624 (59.6) 423 (40.4) 1047 (51.3)   607 (65)* 326 (35)* 933 (49.4)  
 Total 1230 811 2041   1170 717 1887  
International Students     0.000     0.000**
 International 160 (74.8) 54 (25.2) 214 (10.5)   157 (88.2)* 21 (11.8)* 178 (9.4)  
 Domestic 1070 (58.6) 757 (41.4) 1827 (89.5)   1013 (59.3) 696 (40.7) 1709 (90.6)  
 Total 1230 811 2041   1107 717 1887  
Faculty     0.285     0.116
 Health Science 474 (61.5) 297 (38.5) 771 (37.2)   429 (62.5) 257 (37.5) 686 (36.4)  
 Science and Engineering 262 (58) 190 (42) 452 (22.4)   245 (59.8) 165 (40.2) 410 (21.7)  
 Humanities 246 (58.6) 174 (41.4) 420 (20)   285 (66)* 147 (34) 432 (22.9)  
 Business 247 (62.7) 147 (37.3) 394 (20.1)   210 (59.2) 145 (40.8) 355 (18.8)  
 Aboriginal Studies 1 (25) 3 (75) 4 (0.2)   1 (0.1) 3 (0.4) 4 (0.2)  
 Total 1230 811 2041   1170 717 1887  
Place of residence while at university     0.279     0.000**
 Share flat/house 275 (58) 199 (42) 474   274 (23.4) 209 (29.1)* 483 (25.6)  
 Student housing 57 (63.3) 33 (36.7) 90   46 (3.9) 44 (6.1) 90 (4.8)  
 Parent/guardian 786 (60.6) 510 (39.4) 1296   728 (62.2) 407 (56.8)* 1135 (60.1)  
 Live alone 21 (68.4) 12 (34.6) 33   19 (1.6) 13 (1.8) 32 (1.7)  
 With partner/children 67 (68.4) 31 (31.6) 98   82 (7.0) 25 (3.5) 107 (5.7)  
 Board/live with other relative or friend/other 24 (48) 26 (52) 50   21 (1.8) 19 (2.6) 40 (2.2)  
 Total 1230 811 2041   1170 717 1887  
Experienced harm M2.453 M 5.6662 M 3.596 0.000 M 2.089 M6.0713- M 3.5958 0.000**
SD 2.453 SD 3.088 SD 3.20 SD 2.394 SD 3.2023 SD 3.3421
CI 2.079–2.357 CI 5.451–5.881 CI 4.455–3.736 CI 1.951–2.227 CI 5.833–6.308 CI 3.443–3.748
Second-hand harm M 1.305 M 3.221 M 2.070 0.000 M 1.284 M 3.906 M 2.279 0.000**
SD 2.550 SD 4.660 SD 3.668 SD 2.525 SD 5.720 SD 4.240
CI 1.61–1.44 CI 2.89–3.54 CI 1.919–2.231 CI 1.134–1.425 CI 3.471–4.342 CI 2.080–2.478
Witnessed harm M 1.476 M 3.148 M 2.144 0.000 M 1.279 M 3.160 M 1.990 0.000**
SD 2.841 SD 4.101 SD 3.497 SD 2.479 SD 4.036 SD 3.287
CI 1.316–1.636 CI 2.864–3.431 CI 1.992–2.296 CI 1.136–1.422 CI 2.861–3.459 CI 1.841–2.140
Academic problems M 0.4891 M 2.555 M 1.314 0.00 M 0.489 M 2.798 M 1.363 0.000**
SD 1.454 SD 3.578 SD 2.721 SD 1.461 SD 3.726 SD 2.798
CI 0.406–0.571 CI 2.307–2.804 CI 1.195–1.434 CI 0.405–0.574 CI 2.522–3.075 CI 1.235–1.490
Alcohol expectancies M 21.110 M 23.312 M 21.985 0.000 M 20.817 M 23.555 M 21.857 0.000**
SD 3.669 SD 2.920 SD 3.558 SD 3.990 SD 2.964 SD 3.869
CI 20.905–21.315 CI 23.110–23.513 CI 21.830–22.139 CI 20.588–21.0460 CI 23.337–23.772 CI 21.682–22.032
Friends who drink regularly     0.000     0.000**
 None 34 (2.9) 4 (0.5) 38 (1.9)   58 (5.1)** 4 (0.6) 62 (3.4)  
 A few 432 (36.2) 87 (11) 519 (26.2)   428 (37.6) 65 (9.4) 493 (27.0)  
 Half 217 (18.2) 76 (9.6) 293 (14.8)   192 (16.9) 87 (12.6) 279 (15.3)  
 Most 431 (36.2) 431 (54.6) 862 (43.5)   394 (34.6) 358 (51.9) 752 (41.1)  
 All 78 (6.5) 192 (24.3) 270 (13.6)   67 (5.9) 176 (25.5) 243 (13.3)  
  1. *p <0.05 between T1 and T2; **p <0.001 between T1 and T2