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Table 4 Final multivariate regression model of client characteristics predicting positive treatment outcome (ie non-problem drinking according to the AUDIT-C cut-offs) at 12-month follow-up

From: Treatment outcome, treatment retention, and their predictors among clients of five outpatient alcohol treatment centres in Switzerland

Client characteristic at treatment admission OR (95 % CI)
Educational level  
 Low (Ref.)  
 Medium 1.18 (0.60–2.31)
 High 0.38 (0.17–0.83)*
Life satisfaction (Questions on Life Satisfaction) 1.06 (1.02–1.11)**
Problem drinking (AUDIT-C)  
 No (Ref.)  
 Yes 0.38 (0.21–0.67)**
Drinking goal  
 Abstinence (Ref.)  
 Controlled drinking 0.22 (0.13–0.37)**
 I do not want to restrict myself 0.44 (0.04–4.74)
 Have not yet decided 0.48 (0.21–1.07)
Admission  
 First admission (Ref.)  
 Readmission 0.43 (0.25–0.74)**
  1. AUDIT-C cut-offs for problem drinking were ≥5 and ≥4 for men and women, respectively
  2. Notes: AUDIT-C consumption items of the alcohol use disorders identification test, OR odds ratio, 95 % CI 95 % confidence interval, Ref. reference category
  3. *p < .05; **p < .01; Nagelkerke’s R2 = .30; n = 376