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Table 1 Client characteristics at treatment admission

From: Treatment outcome, treatment retention, and their predictors among clients of five outpatient alcohol treatment centres in Switzerland

  Study participants (n = 858)
Sex  
 Female 295 (34.4 %)
 Male 563 (65.6 %)
Age in years, M (SD) 45.3 (12.5)
 18–30 121 (male: 93 [76.9 %])
 31–50 427 (male: 279 [65.3 %])
 51–84 298 (male: 186 [62.4 %])
Missing 12 (1.4 %)
Nationality  
 Swiss 739 (86.1 %)
 Other (mainly German, Italian, French, or Portuguese) 112 (13.1 %)
Missing 7 (0.8 %)
Educational level  
 Low (no or partly completed compulsory education) 114 (13.3 %)
 Medium (compulsory or vocational education/apprenticeship) 430 (50.1 %)
 High (higher vocational education or university) 149 (17.4 %)
Missing 165 (19.2 %)
Means of subsistence  
 Own income 471 (54.9 %)
 Savings or pension 131 (15.3 %)
 Social welfare 172 (20.0 %)
 Partner or family members 65 (7.6 %)
 Other 12 (1.4 %)
Missing 7 (0.8 %)
Partnership status  
 No or temporary partnership 333 (38.8 %)
 Stable, living apart 103 (12.0 %)
 Stable, living together 362 (42.2 %)
Missing 60 (7.0 %)
Children living in the household  
 No 654 (76.2 %)
 Yes 196 (22.8 %)
Missing 8 (0.9 %)
Self-rated general health  
 Excellent/very good 255 (29.7 %)
 Good 384 (44.8 %)
 Poor 190 (22.1 %)
Missing 29 (3.4 %)
Life satisfaction (Questions on Life Satisfaction, scores ranging from 10–40), M (SD) 27.6 (6.2)
Missing 27 (3.1 %)
Problem drinking (AUDIT-C cut-offs)  
 Yes 564 (65.7 %)
(male: 356 [63.2 %],
female: 208 [70.5 %])
 No 260 (30.3 %)
(male: 187 [33.2 %],
female: 73 [24.7 %])
Missing 34 (4.0 %)
Drinking goal  
 I do not want to restrict myself 8 (0.9 %)
 Controlled drinking 375 (43.7 %)
 Abstinence 350 (40.8 %)
 Have not yet decided 72 (8.4 %)
Missing 53 (6.2 %)
Admission to respective alcohol treatment centre  
 First admission 611 (71.2 %)
 Second or further admission 247 (28.8 %)
Treatment assignment  
 Own initiative 312 (36.4 %)
 Partner, family, or friends 100 (11.7 %)
 Health institution 246 (28.7 %)
 Social services 43 (5.0 %)
 Judge 99 (11.5 %)
 Employer or teacher 32 (3.7 %)
Missing 26 (3.0 %)
Aftercare following alcohol withdrawal treatment  
 No 708 (82.5 %)
 Yes 135 (15.7 %)
Missing 15 (1.7 %)
  1. Notes: Values are numbers (%) unless specified otherwise. AUDIT-C consumption items of the alcohol use disorders identification test. AUDIT-C cut-offs for problem drinking were ≥5 and ≥4 for men and women, respectively