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Table 2 Characteristics of study participants

From: Adaptation and standardization of a Western tool for assessing child development in non-Western low-income context

Characteristics No. (%) Characteristics No. (%)
Children’s (n = 1682)   Mother’s (n = 1588)  
 Sex   Ethnicity  
  Male 833 (49.5)  Oromo 716 (45.1)
  Female 849 (50.5)  Amhara 363 (22.9)
 Nutritional status    Tigre 46 (2.9)
  Normal rangea    Gurage 140 (8.8)
   Male 789 (46.9)  Dawuro 148 (9.3)
   Female 808 (48)  Keficho 72 (4.5)
  Malnourishedb    Wolaita 30 (1.9)
   Male 43 (2.6)  Others 62 (3.9)
   Female 40 (2.4)  Missing/Unknown 11 (0.7)
  Unknown status   Perceived socio-economic status  
   Male 1 (0.06)  High 58 (3.7)
   Female 1 (0.06)  Middle 1443 (90.9)
    Low 65 (4.1)
Mother’s (n = 1588)    Very low 0
 Education level    Missing/unknown 22 (1.4)
  Illiterate 147 (9.3)
  Grades 1–8 546 (34.4) Religion  
  Grades 9–12 485 (30.5)  Islam 558 (35.1)
  Certificate after grade 12 98 (6.2)  Orthodox Christian 725 (45.7)
  Diploma 247 (15.6)  Protestant 271 (17.1)
  Degree and above 55 (3.5)  Catholic 23 (1.4)
  Missing/unknown 10 (0.6)  Others 6 (0.4)
    Missing 5 (0.3)
  1. a(WAZ > −2 where both WAZ and MUACZ score are present; and MUACZ > −2 where WAZ score is missing); b(WAZ ≤ −2 where both WAZ and MUACZ score are present; and MUACZ ≤ −2 where WAZ score is missing)
  2. WAZ Weight-for-age-Z-score, MUACZ Mid-upper-arm-circumference Z score