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Table 1 Sociodemographic and CVD risk factors among 15–64 year old citizens of Myanmar, by gender and for the total population

From: Prevalence and determinants of hypertension in Myanmar - a nationwide cross-sectional study

  Male Female Total
  n = 2862 n = 4457 N = 7319
Age, mean (SD) years 40.3 (13.4) 40.4 (12.8) 40.4 (13.0)
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg, mean (SD) 130.1 (19.6) 125.4 (20.8) 127.5 (20.5)
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg, mean (SD) 80.4 (13.0) 79.6 (12.2) 79.9 (12.5)
Hypertensiona, % 30.1 29.8 29.9
Using antihypertensivesb, % 5.5 10.7 8.7
Annual income per household, MMKc, median (interquartile range) 1000000 (600000–1800000) 842500 (520000–1456000) 960000 (541632–1560000)
Years at school, mean (SD) 7.7 (4.0) 6.7 (4.2) 7.1 (4.1)
BMI, kg/m2, mean (SD) 21.7 (4.3) 23.0 (5.1) 22.5 (4.9)
Waist circumference, cm, mean (SD) 76.3 (10.6) 75.7 (11.2) 75.9 (11.0)
Rural, % 70.2 70.5 70.4
Region, %    
 Central plains 38.4 31.8 34.3
 Hilly 18.4 13.8 15.6
 Coastal 11.7 15.3 13.9
 Delta 31.5 39.1 36.1
Ethnicity Bamar, % 73.6 72.9 73.1
Marital status, %    
 Currently married 73.1 67.0 21.9
 Never married 23.1 21.2 69.3
 Sep/Div/Wid 3.7 11.8 8.7
Currently smoking, % 44.8 7.9 22.3
Currently using smokeless tobacco, % 51.4 16.4 30.1
≥5 servings of fruit and veg. daily, % 11.0 9.8 10.2
Peanut oil use, % 41.8 42.6 42.3
Palm oil use, % 19.1 21.1 20.3
Mixed Peanut and palm oil use, % 11.7 11.1 11.3
Sesame oil use, % 18.8 17.0 17.4
Other oil use, % 9.0 8.6 8.7
Current alcohol drinkers, % 31.4 1.6 13.2
Vigorous activity at work, % 41.1 15.0 25.2
Vigorous activity in recreation time, % 12.7 2.0 6.2
  1. aSBP ≥ 140 or DBP ≥ 90, or uses antihypertensive medications; bPercentage who uses antihypertensives by the entire population; c1 USD = 1.280 MMK, 26. November 2015