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Table 1 Basic characteristics of participants according to homebound status in the complete sample: percentages, mean and associational odds ratio

From: Prevalence of and factors associated with homebound status among adults in urban and rural Spanish populations

Variable Non-homebound
N (%)
Homebound
N (%)
OR (95 % CI) P-value
Total 1463 (100) 159 (100)   
Sex, women 794 (54.3) 126 (79.2) 3.02 (1.96–4.64) <0.001
Age group, years     <0.001
 50–64 648 (44.3) 15 (9.4) 1 (ref.)  
 65–79 611 (41.7) 49 (30.8) 3.46 (1.92–6.24)  
 ≥80 204 (14.0) 95 (59.7) 20.12 (11.41–35.46)  
Marital status, with spouse 1045 (71.6) 74 (46.8) 0.78 (0.52–1.16) <0.001
Living arrangements, living alone 214 (14.6) 17 (10.8) 0.35 (0.19–0.63) 0.19
Educational level     <0.001
 Less than primary 459 (31.3) 94 (59.1) 1 (ref.)  
 Primary 664 (45.4) 51 (32.1) 0.38 (0.26–0.54)  
 Secondary or higher 340 (23.2) 14 (8.8) 0.20 (0.11–0.36)  
Cognitive impairment (MEC <24) 57 (3.9) 70 (46.7) 9.01 (5.49–14.78) <0.001
Disability (WHODAS 12)     
 Mean (SD) 14.7 (5.5) 33.6 (9.4) 18.9a (17.9–19.9) <0.001
 Moderate or severe (≥20 points) 255 (17.3) 152 (95.6) 69.20 (29.89–160.24) <0.001
  1. SD standard deviation, MEC Miniexamen Cognoscitivo, OR Odds ratio, WHODAS World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Schedule
  2. aMean difference and 95 % confidence interval