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Table 6 Results of regression models: adjusted odds ratios of heavy episodic drinking, 2008–2013 (95 % CIs; p-values)

From: Unravelling the alcohol harm paradox: a population-based study of social gradients across very heavy drinking thresholds

  48 g+/64 g+ 96 g+/128 g+ 144 g+/192 g+ 192 g+/256 g+
Equivalised household income quintile
  > £49,000 1 1 1 1
 £29,000–£49,000 0.89 (0.82–0.96; 0.003) 0.96 (0.85–1.09; 0.513) 1.03 (0.83–1.29; 0.787) 0.99 (0.67–1.46; 0.968)
 £19,500–£29,900 0.76 (0.70–0.82;<0.001) 0.87 (0.77–0.98; 0.027) 1.06 (0.83–1.34; 0.668) 0.98 (0.67–1.43; 0.923)
 £12,800–£19,500 0.71 (0.64–0.77;<0.001) 0.93 (0.82–1.05; 0.250) 1.07 (0.84–1.37; 0.588) 0.98 (0.63–1.51; 0.925)
  < £12,800 0.69 (0.63–0.76;<0.001) 0.92 (0.80–1.06; 0.240) 1.09 (0.86–1.38; 0.481) 1.17 (0.78–1.76; 0.460)
Highest qualification
 Degree 1 1 1 1
 A-level 1.08 (1.00–1.16; 0.053) 1.24 (1.11–1.39;<0.001) 1.26 (1.05–1.52; 0.015) 0.89 (0.63–1.25; 0.513)
 GCSE 1.00 (0.93–1.06; 0.915) 1.21 (1.10–1.34;<0.001) 1.37 (1.15–1.62;<0.001) 1.44 (1.09–1.91; 0.010)
 Other 0.73 (0.54–0.98; 0.035) 1.01 (0.58–1.76; 0.966) 0.79 (0.19–3.28; 0.758)
 None 0.71 (0.65–0.77;<0.001) 0.97 (0.85–1.11; 0.715) 1.37 (1.09–1.72; 0.007) 1.63 (1.09–2.43; 0.016)
Occupation
 Higher managerial 1 1 1 1
 Lower managerial 1.03 (0.95–1.12; 0.464) 1.09 (0.96–1.24; 0.179) 1.23 (0.97–1.56; 0.093) 0.89 (0.58–1.37; 0.599)
 Intermediate 0.98 (0.88–1.08; 0.672) 1.23 (1.04–1.46; 0.014) 1.29 (0.96–1.73; 0.091) 0.99 (0.59–1.68; 0.979)
 Small employer/own account 0.96 (0.87–1.06; 0.431) 1.20 (1.03–1.41; 0.022) 1.55 (1.17–2.05; 0.002) 1.59 (1.00–2.54; 0.049)
 Lower supervisory/technical 0.91 (0.82–1.02; 0.095) 1.33 (1.13–1.57;<0.001) 1.55 (1.16–2.06; 0.003) 1.63 (1.01–2.63; 0.044)
 Semi-routine 0.85 (0.77–0.93;<0.001) 1.14 (0.98–1.33; 0.090) 1.50 (1.15–1.95; 0.003) 1.46 (0.93–2.30; 0.098)
 Routine 0.87 (0.79–0.96; 0.006) 1.29 (1.11–1.50;<0.001) 1.59 (1.22–2.07;<0.001) 1.54 (0.98–2.42; 0.058)
 Long-term unemployed 0.60 (0.47–0.77;<0.001) 0.77 (0.54–1.09; 0.142) 1.39 (0.84–2.30; 0.202) 1.58 (0.70–3.58; 0.277)
Other 1.44 (1.13–1.85; 0.004) 1.91 (1.40–2.60;<0.001) 1.42 (0.82–2.47; 0.210) 0.74 (0.25–2.14; 0.584)
Neighbourhood deprivation quintile
 1 (least deprived) 1 1 1 1
 2 1.15 (1.07–1.25;<0.001) 1.25 (1.10–1.42;<0.001) 1.22 (0.96–1.54; 0.098) 1.21 (0.80–1.84; 0.374)
 3 1.06 (0.98–1.15; 0.128) 1.20 (1.05–1.36; 0.005) 1.35 (1.08–1.69; 0.009) 1.38 (0.93–2.04; 0.108)
 4 1.01 (0.93–1.10; 0.767) 1.29 (1.14–1.47;<0.001) 1.55 (1.24–1.93;<0.001) 1.80 (1.23–2.63; 0.002)
 5 (most deprived) 1.00 (0.92–1.09; 0.966) 1.28 (1.12–1.45;<0.001) 1.72 (1.38–2.15;<0.001) 2.00 (1.36–2.93;<0.001)
  1. Adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity and year of survey
  2. The income brackets for equivalised household income qunitile are for the 2013 survey
  3. Thresholds are grams of pure alcohol per week for women/men