Skip to main content

Table 3 The contribution of travel-related urban zones, cycling and pedestrian network and green space with commuting physical activity among employed adults

From: The contribution of travel-related urban zones, cycling and pedestrian networks and green space to commuting physical activity among adults – a cross-sectional population-based study using geographical information systems

  Model 1: age-adjusted Model 2: Model 1 + travel-related urban zones + cycling and pedestrian network Model 3: Model 2 + proportion of and distance to green space Model 4: Model 3 + education Model 5: Model 4 + leisure time & occupational physical activity
  OR 95CI OR 95CI p* OR 95CI p* OR 95CI p* OR 95CI p*
Age-group (years)      <0.01    <0.01    <0.01    <0.01
 30–44 1   1    1    1    1   
 45–54 0.96 0.78–1.19 1.03 0.83–1.28   1.03 0.83–1.28   1.04 0.84–1.29   1.02 0.82–1.28  
 55–64 1.31 1.47–2.10 1.40 1.12–1.76   1.40 1.11–1.75   1.41 1.12–1.79   1.41 1.12–1.77  
Gender      <0.001    <0.001    <0.001    <0.001
 ref–men 1.83 1.52–2.19 1.85 1.55–2.22   1.86 1.55–2.23   1.81 1.51–2.18   1.80 1.49–2.17  
Travel-related urban zonesa      <0.01    <0.01    <0.01    <0.01
 car-oriented zone 1   1    1    1    1   
 public transport zone 1.65 1.32–2.08 1.12 0.76–1.64   1.09 0.74–1.61   1.09 0.74–1.61   1.06 0.72–1.57  
 pedestrian zone 2.41 1.75–3.31 1.88 1.24–2.86   1.72 1.12–2.62   1.69 1.10–2.58   1.63 1.06–2.51  
 pedestrian zone of a sub centre 3.36 2.03–5.55 2.28 1.23–4.21   2.16 1.16–4.01   2.23 1.20–4.13   2.03 1.09–3.80  
Proportion (%) cycling and pedestrian networksb      <0.05    <0.01    <0.01    <0.01
 no cycling or pedestrian roads 1   1    1    1    1   
 other roads that allow cycling and walking 0.69 0.40–1.22 0.66 0.37–1.15   1.28 0.58–2.78   1.27 0.58–2.74   1.23 0.56–2.69  
 Cycling and pedestrian lanes <30 % 1.67 1.26–2.21 1.27 0.88–1.85   2.25 1.25–4.06   2.21 1.23–3.96   2.26 1.25–4.09  
 Cycling and pedestrian lanes 30–50 % 1.87 1.47–2.39 1.46 1.00–2.14   2.65 1.45–4.86   2.55 1.40–4.63   2.65 1.45–4.8  
 Cycling and pedestrian lanes >50 % 2.30 1.69–3.14 1.76 1.10–2.80   3.12 1.63–5.99   2.96 1.55–5.66   3.28 1.71–6.31  
Proportion of green spacec 1.23 1.11–1.35     0.75 0.57–0.97 <0.05 0.73 0.57–0.95 <0.05 0.73 0.57–0.94 <0.05
Distance (in metres) to green spaced         ns       
 0–199 1      1         
 200+ 1.35 1.10–1.65     0.91 0.67–1.23        
Education               
 Low 1         1   ns    
 Middle 0.95 0.68–1.32        0.89 0.63–1.24     
 High 1.36 1.00–1.87        1.05 0.75–1.46     
Leisure time physical activity               <0.001
 reading, watching TV, and other minor activities 1            1   
 walking and cycling more than 4 h per week 2.14 1.71–2.67           2.10 1.67–2.64  
 exercise at least 3 h per week 1.60 1.26–2.07           1.54 1.18–2.02  
 practice competitive sports several times per week 1.57 0.82–3.03           1.94 1.00–3.80  
Occupational physical activity               ns
 Physically inactive job 1            1   
 Physically active job 0.78 0.65–0.93           0.87 0.72–1.05  
  1. Analyses conducted among working aged Finns (total n = 2 089) using stepwise survey logistic regression, odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95CI)
  2. *p-value from Wald-test for inclusion of contributing factor in Model X having a statistically significant effect on commuting physical activity
  3. a: The main travel-related urban zone around 500-metre buffer from home location, Travel-related urban zones 2010
  4. b: Proportion of cycling and pedestrian lanes from all roads around 500-metre buffer from home location, Digiroad 2014
  5. c: Proportion (%) of green space (min 1.5 ha) around 500-metre buffer from home location, Corine Land Cover 2006
  6. d: Euclidean distance (in meters) to the closest green space (min 1.5 ha), Corine Land Cover 2006